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Connecting humans and machines with e-skin

The aim behind the new research is to develop ways to enable robots and prosthetic devices more closely obtain the properties of human skin in order to enable machines to have better tactile interactions with the environment.

The researchers have developed an ultrathin, stretchable electronic skin, which has the potential to be applied to a variety of human-machine interactions, such as prosthetic devices and wearable health monitors, as well as with full-fledged robots.

The biggest challenge the researchers faced, as R&D Magazine reports, was transferring ultrathin electrical circuits onto complex three-dimensional surfaces. They then needed to develop the electronics so that they were stretchable to enable full movement.

The video below provides further detail about the development:

The new approach centered on producing thin-film circuits with integrated microelectronics. To achieve this the the researchers constructed a circuit template by ‘patterning’ it onto a sheet of transfer tattoo paper. This was achieved via the use of standard desktop laser printer (one of the research aims was keep costs low). Following this the researchers coated the template with silver paste. The paste only adhered only to the printed toner ink.

On top of the silver paste, a gallium-indium liquid metal alloy was deposited. This served to increase the electrical conductivity as well as the flexibility of the circuit. At the end of the process, the scientists added external electronics together with a conductive “glue” composed of vertically aligned magnetic particles which were embedded in a polyvinyl alcohol gel.

The electronic tattoo was tested out on different objects, such as a robot prosthetic arm. A second test involved monitoring human skeletal muscle activity. The results were considered successful and provide the foundations for future research.

The new research has been published in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. The research paper is titled: “Hydroprinted Electronics: Ultrathin Stretchable Ag–In–Ga E-Skin for Bioelectronics and Human–Machine Interaction.”

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Written By

Dr. Tim Sandle is Digital Journal's Editor-at-Large for science news. Tim specializes in science, technology, environmental, business, and health journalism. He is additionally a practising microbiologist; and an author. He is also interested in history, politics and current affairs.

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