http://www.digitaljournal.com/life/health/hygienists-call-for-improved-dental-health/article/454620

Hygienists call for improved dental health

Posted Jan 12, 2016 by Tim Sandle
A consortium of Canadian dental hygienists is seeking to make 2016 the year of good dental hygiene and improved oral health. Plaque coats the teeth if they are not brushed properly. This contributes to gum disease and tooth decay.
A toothbrush
A toothbrush
by fraggle_rawker03
The call for improvements to teeth, gums and the mouth in general comes from Donna Scott, president of the Canadian Dental Hygienists Association (CDHA). To help consumers, Scott provides the following advice (as appraised by Digital Journal):
Infants and Toddlers: Parents need to wipe their baby’s mouth and gums using a clean, wet cloth after feeding. Parents should try to teach youngsters how to hold a toothbrush, although parents will need to brush for them. Teeth should be brushed twice daily using water. Interestingly Scott states that no toothpaste is necessary, although toothpastes for toddlers are marketed.
Children ages up to 5 years old: Parents should assist children with brushing their teeth for a period of two minutes twice a day. This involves using a small amount of fluoride toothpaste. Key to this is demonstrating how teeth should be brushed, covering every tooth surface as well as the tongue. Importantly toothpaste should be spat out at the end of the brushing session.
With children ages 6‒12, children should brush their teeth for two minutes two times each day, using fluoride toothpaste. It is important that children clean in-between their teeth. Advice should also be given about healthy food choices, like avoiding sweets and sugars.
Teenagers and adults: Teeth should be brushed with fluoride toothpaste for two minutes twice per day. This should be followed with a rinse using an antibacterial mouthwash.
With seniors, natural teeth should be brushed with fluoride toothpaste for two minutes twice a day. With dentures these needed to be soaked daily. It is important for seniors to brush and massage their gums using a soft toothbrush.
Fluoride toothpaste is not supported by everyone. Advocates like the CDHA recommend using toothpaste containing 1,350 parts per million (ppm) of fluoride
Drawing the connection between what happens in the mouth and the functioning of the rest of the body, Donna Scott states: “Good oral health is essential for overall health.” Here there is a connection between poor oral health and diseases like diabetes, lung and heart disease, and stroke.