http://www.digitaljournal.com/business/business/sweden-s-six-hour-workday-experiment/article/380192

Sweden's six-hour workday experiment

Posted Apr 9, 2014 by Jeannie Stokowski-Bisanti
In hopes that it will cut down on sick leave, boost efficiency, and ultimately save Sweden money, municipal staff in Gothenburg will experiment with six-hour full-pay workdays.
An employee leaves the Volvo AB truck plant in Tuve outside Gothenburg on September 30  2008
An employee leaves the Volvo AB truck plant in Tuve outside Gothenburg on September 30, 2008
Bjorn Larsson Rosvall, SCANPIX SWEDEN/AFP
Mats Pilhem, Left Party deputy mayor of Gothenburg, explained to The Local that the municipal council would use two different departments — a test group and a control group. Staff in one section will work six-hour days, while their colleagues work the ordinary seven-hour day. All employees will be paid the same.
He said, "We'll compare the two afterwards and see how they differ. We hope to get the staff members taking fewer sick days and feeling better mentally and physically after they've worked shorter days."
A Gothenburg car factory had recently tested the six-hour method and other various parts of Sweden have experimented with shorter working hours before, but the concept has yet to take off. Also, similar trials involving the six-hour workday have been initiated by various countries around the world. They are based on the theory that after this period of time employees become too tired anyway, reducing both short-term and long-term productivity, as The Independent writes.