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article imageHundreds of migrants protest conditions on Greek isle of Lesbos

By John Hadoulis with Chantal Valery in Athens (AFP)     Oct 1, 2019 in World

Around a thousand migrants staged a fresh protest Tuesday in Europe's largest migrant camp on the Greek island of Lesbos, two days after a deadly fire at the vastly overcrowded facility.

The demonstrators, mainly of women and children with some elderly people, left Moria camp walking towards the port of Mytilene.

But a police road-block stopped them half-way to Mytilene.

The protesters, shouting slogans and brandishing placards in English reading "Moria is hell" and "Freedom", carried a stretcher covered by a shroud probably to represent the woman killed in Sunday's fire at the camp.

The fire, which sparked riots the same evening, injured another 17 people who are being treated in hospital.

"Moria is like a jungle, a cemetery," said one protester, Fazel Ahmad, from Afghanistan.

A migrant sleeps outdoors after the fire
A migrant sleeps outdoors after the fire

"I thought I was coming to a country that respects human rights, but what is happening in Moria has nothing to do with human rights," he told AFP.

"We wait two hours for just a piece of bread."

The region's chief of police Eleftherios Douroudous tried to calm down the angry crowd.

"You will be moved to other camps with better conditions in a month," he told them.

"Unaccompanied minors will also be moved to suitable conditions within October. I understand the difficulties," he added, appealing to them to be patient.

- 'De facto detention camps' -

At the same time, a delegation from Oxfam France was visiting a makeshift camp that has sprung up outside Moria, where tents and improvised shelters have spilled over into the olive groves.

It was meant to house 3 000 but is now home to 13 000 people
It was meant to house 3,000 but is now home to 13,000 people

"It's worse than I imagined," Cecile Duflot, the head of Oxfam France, told AFP as she waited to enter the camp.

"We are in Greece, a European Union country. More than 40 percent of those living here are children. We need to ensure that the situation changes."

People need to wake up to the burden that Greece and its islands are carrying, she said, adding: "We cannot be satisfied with what are de facto detention camps."

Moria was designed for 3,000 people but currently houses 13,000 after a surge of arrivals in recent weeks from Turkey.

A teenager, speaking to journalists during the stand off with the police, said: "We are humans, we are here to try to make a good future for ourselves and for European countries... We are not bad people, we are good people.

"Nobody cares for us," he added.

Many migrants arrive on Lesbos after making the sea crossing from the Turkish coast
Many migrants arrive on Lesbos after making the sea crossing from the Turkish coast
Philippe MOUCHE, AFP

Greece announced on Monday it wanted to send back 10,000 migrants to Turkey by the end of 2020 after an emergency cabinet meeting following the fire at the camp.

These returns are provided for in a 2016 agreement between Turkey and the European Union.

The conservative government of Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis has already announced increased naval patrols in the Aegean, closed centres for migrants refused asylum, and plans to overhaul the asylum system.

Greece hosts some 70,000 mostly Syrian refugees and migrants who have fled since 2015, crossing over from neighbouring Turkey.

There are more than 26,000 people in the five migrant camps scattered across the Aegean islands, which have a capacity to welcome only 6,300 or so, according to the latest government figures.

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