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Asia tracks Wall St losses as US data deals blow to rate cut hopes

The hotter-than-expected US data sent the dollar to a 34-year high against the yen
The hotter-than-expected US data sent the dollar to a 34-year high against the yen - Copyright AFP VALERIE MACON
The hotter-than-expected US data sent the dollar to a 34-year high against the yen - Copyright AFP VALERIE MACON

Asian markets reversed Thursday after forecast-topping US inflation dealt a hefty blow to hopes for a June interest rate cut and forced traders to re-evaluate the outlook for monetary policy, with a warning that the next move could even be a hike.

The losses tracked a sell-off on Wall Street and saw the dollar strike a 34-year high against the yen, fuelling speculation Japanese authorities will step in to support their beleaguered currency.

Figures showing the consumer price index rose 0.4 percent on-month and 3.5 percent on-year were both above consensus for the third month in a row and observers warned the pick-up might not be a blip but could point to a worrying trend.

They also came on the back of other data — most recently a forecast-busting jobs report — suggesting the world’s number one economy was still in rude health despite borrowing costs being at a two-decade high and inflation well above target.

The reading will give Federal Reserve officials more to mull over ahead of their May policy meeting, with their recent guidance of three rate cuts this year now in doubt.

Investors started the year optimistic that the central bank would make six cuts in 2024 — with the first in March — but now they are eyeing two at most, with the chances of a June reduction diminishing.

But some are less hopeful. Apollo Global Management’s Torsten Slok said: “We are sticking to our view that the Fed will not cut rates in 2024.”

And former Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers said traders must “take seriously the possibility that the next rate move will be upwards rather than downwards”.

– Dollar’s 34-year yen high –

Still, minutes from the Fed’s most recent meeting showed that while decision-makers were worried about recent figures, they still saw cuts this year.

“Some participants noted that the recent increases in inflation had been relatively broad-based and therefore should not be discounted as merely statistical aberrations,” the Fed said in a statement. 

“However, a few participants noted that residual seasonality could have affected the inflation readings at the start of the year.”

And Finalto’s Neil Wilson added that “despite the hot number, there are many reasons why the Fed may still cut in June… but if the market moves too far out of step then the Fed may be forced to wait a little longer”.

The disappointing data sent all three main indexes on Wall Street deep into the red, and Asia followed suit with Hong Kong, Tokyo, Sydney, Seoul, Singapore, Wellington, Taipei and Manila well down.

“The fallout from the hotter-than-expected US inflation read… will reverberate across regional equity markets (Thursday),” Tony Sycamore, of IG Australia, said.

“Providing a cushion on the downside, weakness in key Asian currencies including the yen and the won, will provide support for the exporters.”

Investors were keeping tabs on Tokyo as the dollar surged to 153.24 yen, the strongest since 1990, on the US CPI reading. 

Tokyo authorities have said they would keep their options open on supporting the unit.

However, while top currency official Masato Kanda has blamed speculators for volatility in the dollar-yen exchange, analysts said the latest moves were more to do with the US data.

“It’s clearly a US dollar move and Japanese officials can’t really argue its speculators attacking the yen,” said Peter Vassallo, of BNP Paribas Asset Management.

– Key figures around 0230 GMT –

Tokyo – Nikkei 225: DOWN 0.5 percent at 39,383.73 (break)

Hong Kong – Hang Seng Index: DOWN 1.0 percent at 16,969.91

Shanghai – Composite: UP 0.4 percent at 3,039.81

Dollar/yen: DOWN at 152.80 yen from 152.96 yen on Wednesday

Euro/dollar: DOWN at $1.0745 from $1.0747 

Pound/dollar: UP at $1.2545 from $1.2543

Euro/pound: DOWN at 85.65 pence from 85.67 pence

West Texas Intermediate: UP 0.1 percent at $86.30 per barrel

Brent North Sea Crude: UP 0.1 percent at $90.60 per barrel

New York – Dow: DOWN 1.1 percent at 38,461.51 (close)

London – FTSE 100: UP 0.3 percent at 7,961.21 (close)

AFP
Written By

With 2,400 staff representing 100 different nationalities, AFP covers the world as a leading global news agency. AFP provides fast, comprehensive and verified coverage of the issues affecting our daily lives.

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