The United States has two potential candidates for a vaccine for the mosquito-borne Zika virus and may begin clinical trials on people by the end of this year. Officials warn though, that there will not be a widely available vaccine for several years.
A leading veterinarian in the U.S. advises that horses should be protected from mosquitoes to in order to protect the horse and people from West Nile virus, especially during the heavy infection season in mid to late summer.
A new generation of therapeutics has been developed from tobacco plants. The therapeutics neutralize and protect mice against a lethal dose challenge of West Nile virus even as late as four days after the initial infection.
Dengue fever and West Nile fever are mosquito-borne diseases that affect hundreds of millions of people worldwide each year. However, there is no real protection against either of the related viruses. Scientists have been looking into the issue.
Utah's Great Salt Lake is a stopping-off point for as many as 2 million eared Grebes on their migratory route from Canada to Mexico every year. Most years, a small percentage of the grebe population dies from avian cholera.
Researchers have linked mosquitoes, which populate orchards and vineyards, as areas with a greater prevalence of West Nile virus, in the U.S. This relates to the way mosquitoes spread the virus to birds, horses and people.
Dallas Mayor Mike Rawlings has declared the city's West Nile virus outbreak to be a state emergency. The outbreak has killed at least 14 people in the state of Texas so far this year, and 26 nationwide, CNN reports.
Public Health officials for the city of Toronto say they have detected West Nile Virus in many mosquitoes in the Greater Toronto Area. There have been no reports of humans being infected by the virus this year but officials are cautious.