Earlier this month the NOAA and NASA announced that 2014 was the hottest year ever recorded, shattering the previous records in 2005 and 2010.
Now comes the news that global warming is heating the world's oceans at an unprecedented pace.
A new study has shown that the collective swimming of brine shrimp impacts water currents. This has led some scientists to speculate that the motion of the world's oceans is dependent upon the swimming of tiny marine animals.
The ocean is home to many creatures, and all of them take their sustenance from this environment. One group of organisms use the ocean's calcium to create their shells and exoskeletons. These are the calcifiers, the mollusks, corals and starfish.
Results from a study carried out during an around-the-world cruise by a research ship, scientists have found that 88 percent of the oceans' surface contains plastic debris, leading to concerns about the effects on both marine life and the food chain.
Researchers have identified a core skin bacterial community that all humpback whales share across populations. Monitoring these bacteria could point to a way to assess the overall health of these endangered marine mammals.
Scientists are trying to understand why, in the spring, jellyfish emerge in the sea in high numbers. The effect has been described as "blooming like flowers." A biochemical trigger is thought to play a part.
Wet Dreams is a mixed-media installation inspired by deep sea celestial voyaging, surfing, and the mysticism surrounding the ocean. Its opening reception is this Friday at SPACE 1026, a Philadelphia-based artist collective.
Climate change appears to be affecting the starting point of the ocean’s food chain. Changing climate is affecting the types of microscopic organisms found in the seas, with potential consequences for marine life and human health.
An example of the plastisphere - plastic junk on the sea
This graph shows how the average surface temperature of the world's oceans has changed since 1880. Sea surface temperatures have been higher during the past three decades than at any other time since reliable observations began in 1880,