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Genome News

Mixed reactions to work on human embryos

News that researchers have undertaken human genome editing using embryos has sparked mixed reactions among the world's scientific community.

Has a sixth DNA base been discovered?

Most textbooks talk of four DNA bases. Later research has shown there to be five. No, wait, cross that out, there could be six. Scientists suggest that the methyl-adenine is the sixth base and that it is medically important.

Genetic variety of the bumblebee mapped for first time

New research has examined the genome of two different species of bumblebee. The bees play an important role in pollination and are commercially important. The study reveals insights into the ecology of the bee.

Scientists are now capable of de-extinction of woolly mammoth

The entire genome of the extinct woolly mammoth has now been sequenced and for the first time science has a blueprint, a step-by-step guide or manual, on how to assemble one. There are no plans to do so — yet.

Sister species to leprosy bacterium discovered

Scientists from Switzerland have genetically sequenced the bacterium that causes most cases of leprosy. At the same time they are the first scientists to unravel a sister species that causes a rare form of the disease.

Wine-drinkers delight: Hangover free wine could be on the way

A researcher at the University of Illinois said they can now alter yeast in such a way that they will be able to make wine with more nutritional value - and no hangover effect. Care to drink to that?

Studying the human genome for mortality

Edinburgh - A new study has discovered a link between patterns of methylation in the human genome and people’s life span. If such technology is possible, would you want to know?

Clearest DNA image ever is generated

A new full-genome map indicates how DNA is folded within the nuclei of human cells has been produced using a type of nuclear cartography,which uses PCR to examine for DNA fragments.

Google to offer genome storage facility

The Internet search giant Google has added its name to a number of other companies offering cloud computing and genome storage for scientists.

Oldest human genome sequenced

A 45,000-year-old bone has been sequenced. This is the oldest human genome yet to have been sequenced. The bone came from a leg bone preserved in Siberia.

Latest genome sequencing research

Scientists continue to make advances with genome sequencing. Digital Journal has reviewed the latest research and some of the new creatures to be typed and categorized.

Liver disorder in mice reversed using new gene-editing technology

Cambridge - Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have cured mice of a rare liver disorder that is caused by a single gene mutation using a new genome-editing technique.

New obesity related gene discovered

Scientists have discovered a new gene connected to obesity in a surprising part of the genome. This is the latest "genetic" link to obesity.

Remains of Richard III to be sequenced

Scientists in the U.K. will sequence the genome of King Richard III. For this, scientists from the University of Leicester are collecting bone samples from which to extract DNA.

DNA from ancient plague points to modern peril

Paris - "In some cases death came immediately; in others, after many days," the historian Procopius wrote as a terrifying disease scythed through Constantinople in 542 AD.

The world's oldest living transmissible cancer '11,000 years old'

Cambridge - The earliest written record of the disease we now call cancer dates to 1600 BC, with an Egyptian papyrus describing cancer of the breast. Hippocrates (ca. 460 BC – ca. 370 BC) first named the strange disease, using the Greek word "karkinos," or crab.

First shark genome decoded

Scientists have sequenced and analyzed the genome of the elephant shark. This is the first species of shark to have its genetic code revealed and interpreted.

Oldest ever genome sequenced: a Canadian horse

Yukon - Scientists have sequenced the so far oldest genome from a prehistoric creature: a prehistoric horse found in Canada. The research shows that the horse was a common ancestor to the horses of today.

Studying ancient wheat may lead to better varieties

Kansas - Researchers have begun to map the genetic code of ancient wheat with a view to using the information to help select stronger and more robust varieties for food.

Op-Ed: Genetic mutations challenges Darwin’s evolution theory

The death of Darwin's evolution theory continues due to the evidence found in genome deterioration, sickle cell anemia mortality, beneficial mutations elusiveness, disease proliferation, and recent genetic mutations.

Op-Ed: Comeuppance for morons — Junk DNA isn’t junk, it’s vital

Sydney - When the human genome was finished, early so-called researchers found a lot of DNA that didn’t seem to do anything. They therefore said it was junk. It turns out to be anything but junk. It’s all critical systems and gene switches.

Can genetic modification make best quality wine?

Scientists have sequenced the genome of one of the yeasts used to make wine. By understanding more about which strains of yeasts make wine of the best quality it could be possible to genetically modify certain yeast to aid premium wine production.

Scientists discover new genes linked to childhood obesity

In the largest study of its kind to date, an international team of researchers has identified two new gene adaptations that increase the risk of common childhood obesity.

Could a cocoa DNA discovery make great chocolate even better?

University Park - Researchers from Penn State University have sequenced the genome of a chocolate tree known for producing the finest chocolate. Their work could lead to richer cocoa and trees resistant to disease.

Are we closer to the $5000 personal genome?

The Human Genome Project, an international research initiative lasting 13 years, sequenced the human genome at a cost of about US$3 billion. Researchers in the US sequenced the genome of patients with genetic diseases for $25,000-$50,000 each.

Water mold that triggered potato famine related to malaria

It’s always called The Famine. It probably killed more people than the Vikings, the English and the Troubles combined. The mold causing Potato Blight has a huge genome that’s making it a threat again.

Neanderthal DNA 99.5% Similar To Humans

Researchers unveiled the first draft of the Neanderthal genome and compared it to humans. They have genomes that are 99.5 percent similar to modern humans.

Get your complete genome sequence for $5,000

Complete Genomics, a Mountain view based company has come out with a plan to sequence human genomes for $5,000, a far cry from the $2.3 billion the first sequencing cost in 2003. From June, the company plans to sequence 1,000 genomes by the end of 2009.

Agriculture May Be Older Than Previously Thought

A team led by Dr Robin Allaby from the University of Warwick have developed a new mathematical model that shows how plant agriculture actually began much earlier than first thought.

How DNA Repairs Can Reshape Genome, Spawn New Species

A recently published study shows how broken sections of chromosomes can recombine to change genomes and spawn new species.
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Genome Image

The bowhead whale is the second heaviest mammal on Earth.
The bowhead whale is the second heaviest mammal on Earth.
YouTube screen grab