Despite its revolutionary pronouncements, the Black Panther Party began very much under the influence of the mainstream patriarchal culture. In 1968, the Party newspaper stated that the role of female members was to be "subordinate" to the males.
Forty-seven years ago this month the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense was formed in Oakland, California. For almost 16 years the Party represented one of the most influential radical, progressive organizations in the history of the U.S.
It is perhaps a marker for how deeply paranoid the United States has become over the thought of a second term for the current Administration. That thought has convinced some to think Martial Law will be instituted and no election will be held.
Can you imagine being an innocent man jailed 20 years on death row or a young father in jail for drugs? An African American businessman offers sound advice on prison issues and unemployment of fathers in the black community.
Original members of the Black Panther Party; Huey Newton is standing next to Bobby Seale. Although Newton was murdered at the age of 47, Seale suffered a fate worse than death, writing a cookbook and becoming a spokesman for an ice cream company.
Victor Fiorillo for The Philly Post
Original six members of the Black Panther Party (November 1966)