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article imageStudies in developmental disorders show men are the weaker sex

By Nancy Houser     Mar 7, 2014 in Science
Genetic studies in developmental disorders show that men are the weaker sex. The male biological clock is linked to Autism, Schizophrenia or Bipolar Disorder. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Asperger syndrome are five times more common in boys.
It also has been found that increased mutations in the sperm of aging men increase the chance of autism and schizophrenia in their offspring, as compared to children of younger fathers. The mutual disorder in all three genetic studies is Autism, or Autism Spectrum Disorder.
New studies show that when this mutation threshold is in women, it is higher. Therefore, when females are diagnosed with ASD, it is on the more severe end of the gamut.
Marines from 6th Communications Battalion  Marine Forces Reserve  marched in the annual New York Vet...
Marines from 6th Communications Battalion, Marine Forces Reserve, marched in the annual New York Veterans Day parade Nov. 11.
DVIDSHUB
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In 2013, Scientific American reported that men are built with basic biological weaknesses directly in the mother's womb, eliminating the age-old theory that all men are built sturdier and stronger than the fair female sex. Millions of years ago the male Y-chromosome began dwindling down in size, only recently stopping its screaming decline.
"Dr. Page and Dr. Jennifer Hughes led a team that decoded the Y chromosome of rhesus monkeys, which share a common ancestor with humans, and discovered that the Y’s gene shedding leveled off about 20 to 30 million years ago. In the Y’s cliffhanger, the chromosome used its toolbox to repair some of its genes and became fastidious about not allowing the other genes to be damaged."
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
Autism Spectrum Disorder is a developmental disorder affecting about one out of every 2,000 people, primarily young boys or men. It affects children before the age of three years of age, with many children and adults being mentally challenged on various levels.
It is thought that there are specific factors connected to it, but so far nothing conclusive.
• Chemical imbalances in the brain
• High levels of serotonin in the brain are being studied
• Genetics show that identical twins or siblings have higher rates, such as 85% in identical twins
While in the womb, male fetuses have low levels of estrogen and high levels of testosterone. Studies by British psychopathologist, Simon Baron-Cohen, calls this the "extreme male brain," that is characterized by autistic boys who are low in empathy and high in systematizing, according to Scientific American.
Males, the disappearing sex
The Men Who Stare at Goats
The Men Who State at Goats.
Jay David Murphy
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The male sex is slowly becoming extinct. For many years, the ratio of 106 males to 100 females has been common. But lately, boys are two-thirds more likely to be born prematurely before the 37th week of pregnancy. The 1970s brought a 30 percent higher death rate for boys before their first birthday, as compared to 10 percent in the 1750s. On a global basis, the male sex is declining as newborns.
Studies are showing just how susceptible the male sex is to things the female sex is not:
• Environmental pollutants --- insecticides, lead and plasticizers --- are able to target the brains or hormones of males.
• Studies are showing that males are injured by chemicals in ways that women are not.
• Women have XX chromosomes, while men have only one chromosome. In disorders, that extra backup X chromosome prevents females from acquiring the disorder.
• The male's XY chromosome provides more genetic information due to the larger Y chromosome.
• Autism in males is thought to develop at a higher rate because of the inherent loss of key proteins for brain developmental and repair mechanisms in the male.
• Males have a weaker immune than females because of their lack of the hormone, estrogen.
• Some studies show that males take estrogen because it helps them maintain a healthier sex life and estrogen protects the brain.
• Low estrogen levels in males make them more susceptible to head injuries.
Vulnerability of men
The Discover Magazine shows that the male race is extremely vulnerable at the current time. They have high rates of autism, ADHD, intellectual disabilities and schizophrenia, and their birthrates are dropping on a global basis.
Studies are showing that men are indeed the weaker sex, not only while in the womb but due to their vulnerability as infants, boys and men to mental disorders, diseases and environmental contaminants. Unless science can help them be protected, the future of the human race stands in jeopardy.
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