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article imageArchaeologists find 3,000-year-old tomb in Luxor

By Karen Graham     Mar 4, 2015 in Science
Luxor - Egypt's antiquities ministry announced on Tuesday the discovery of the tomb of Amenhotep, guard of the temple of Egyptian diety Anun, in the city of Luxor. The tomb, believed to be 3,000 years old, would date to the New Kingdom's 18th dynasty.
The tomb was found about 700 kilometers south of Cairo in the city of Luxor by a team of American archaeologists with the American Research Center, along with an Egyptian inspectors team. The Minister of Antiquities, Mamdouh el-Damaty said in a statement, "The tomb contains many stunning scenes with bright colours painted on plaster."
Photographs distributed by the ministry show a T-shaped tomb with bright green and brown paintings with hieroglyphics. The scenes depict the tomb owner and his wife in front of an offering table, as well as paintings showing everyday life, such as hunting.
Further excavation work will be carried out to find out more about the temple guard tomb.
Further excavation work will be carried out to find out more about the temple guard tomb.
Egypt Antiquities Ministry
But sadly, the tomb of the temple guard was found to have been vandalized for unknown reasons. The tomb "was deliberately damaged in ancient times," said Sultan Eid, the ministry's general director for the Upper Egypt region.
Eid added, "The name and titles of the tomb owner, some hieroglyphic texts and scenes in addition to the names of the god Amun were deliberately erased." The scratching out of the name of the god, Amun probably occurred during the religious revolution under the rule of the Pharaoh Akhenaton, said Eid.
Luxor was the capital of the New Kingdom
Luxor was the ancient city of Thebes and the "glorious city" of the god Amon-Ra during the New Kingdom's 18th dynasty. Thebes grew in importance as a center for arts, religion and political influence as early as the 11th dynasty, dating to 2100 BC. Later, pharaohs of the New Kingdom further added to the wealth and influence of Thebes when they led expeditions to Canaan, and Kush, now northern Sudan.
Luxor was at one time known as the ancient city of Thebes.
Luxor was at one time known as the ancient city of Thebes.
World Travel Guide
The 18th dynasty is undoubtedly the best known of all the Egyptian dynasties. Some of Egypt's most famous pharaohs, including Tutankhamun, Hatshepsut, the longest-reigning woman pharaoh, and Akhenaten, along with his queen, Nefertiti. The 18th dynasty is considered the start of the New Kingdom, with two additional dynasties following. It was during this period in history that ancient Egypt reached the peak of its power.
Eldamaty issued a separate statement saying that a royal rest house belonging to another 18th dynasty pharaoh, King Thutmosis II, had been discovered in the Suez Canal province of Ismailia. It should also be noted that the exact date of the discovery of the tomb of Amenhotep was not released.
More about Luxor, Amenhotep, 18th Dynasty, new kingdom, American archeologists
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