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Antibiotic resistant bacteria on the rise

By Tim Sandle     Apr 6, 2014 in Science
The emergence of community-acquired infections, such as urinary tract infections, due to strains resistant to common antibiotics are on the rise, according to a new study.
Antibiotic resistance is a serious and growing phenomenon in contemporary medicine and has emerged as one of the pre-eminent public health concerns of the 21st century, in particular as it pertains to pathogenic organisms (the term is especially relevant to organisms that cause disease in humans).
Over the past few years, researchers working in hospitals have reported an increase in the number of bacteria -- many of which are forms of E. coli -- that are resistant to commonly administered antibiotics. Many of these are associated with urinary infections.
The new study involved patients with infections documented from 2006 to 2011 that were due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria (resistance to a common antibiotic). The researchers noted that the incidence of infections due to these microorganisms was increasing.
The researchers have called for more monitoring. They are of the view that recognizing the strains that are resistant to common antibiotics is critical to providing proper treatment and better outcomes.
The research was conducted by Rhode Island Hospital researchers. The latest findings have been reported to the journal Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, in a paper called “Changing epidemiology of infections due to extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing bacteria”.
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