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article imageAntibiotic resistance of foodborne germs rises

By Tim Sandle     Jul 7, 2014 in Science
Atlanta - According to the U.S. CDC, antibiotic resistance in foodborne germs remains an ongoing public health threat. The Agency has published information about the latest trends.
Each year, antibiotic-resistant infections from foodborne germs cause an estimated 430,000 illnesses in the U.S. Of these, multi-drug resistant Salmonella, from food and other sources, causes about 100,000 illnesses. The biggest concerns are around antibiotic resistance because such microorganisms cannot be easily treated and they present a major risk to human health. The latest trends have been compiled by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in a report.
The most recent data shows that multi-drug resistant Salmonella decreased during the past 10 years. However, in Salmonella typhi, the germ that causes typhoid fever, resistance to drugs increased to 68 percent in 2012, raising concerns that one of the common treatments for typhoid fever may not work in many cases.
Among the other findings in the report are:
Campylobacter resistance to antibiotics remained at 25 percent.
Shigella resistance to antibiotics is growing.
Salmonella enteritidis – the most common Salmonella type – accounted for 50 percent of infections resistant.
The data are part of the latest report of the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS), a tri-agency surveillance system that tracks antibiotic resistance in humans (CDC), retail meats (Food and Drug Administration), and food animals (U.S. Department of Agriculture).
The CDC aims to tackle the problem through the following strategy:
Detect and track patterns of antibiotic resistance.
Respond to outbreaks involving antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Prevent infections from occurring and resistant bacteria from spreading.
Discover new antibiotics and new diagnostic tests for resistant bacteria.
The 2015 President’s Budget requests funding for CDC to improve early detection and tracking of multidrug resistant Salmonella and other urgent antibiotic resistance threats. It remains to be seen if this funding is granted.
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