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Ice loss from Pine Island Glacier has contributed more to sea-level rise over the past four decades than any other glacier in Antarctica. Current models indicate that this will continue in the future but at conflicting rates.

Essential Science: Biosignatures detect early symptoms of TB

Researchers have developed an advanced method for the detection of biosignature, paving the way for the early detection of tuberculosis. The method allows for TB to be detected in patients, months before symptoms appear.

NASA to retire Spitzer Space Telescope on January 30

Named in honor of astrophysicist Lyman Spitzer, Jr., who was one of the first people to propose the idea of using telescopes in space, one of NASA's most powerful space telescopes is retiring at the end of this month after an illustrious 16-year career.

Why it is critical that we find the source of the coronavirus

Scientists say it is critical they find out whether most coronavirus cases have been caused by a repeated spillover of the virus from animals to humans, or whether most cases are now being triggered by secondary human-to-human transmission.

Algorithm can identify a person by looking at their dance style

A new study finds that each of us responds to music, if we elect to dance or shuffle, in a movement that is almost the same and characteristic of the individual. Now computers can identify the dancer with pinpoint accuracy.

World’s first digital benchtop SPR system for drug discovery

Nicoya has launched a product called Alto, which is the world’s first fully-automated, high-throughput benchtop surface plasmon resonance (SPR) system. The objective is to speed up drug discovery.

Launch date set for ESA's Solar Orbiter mission 'to face the sun'

The ESA announced on Tuesday that its Solar Orbiter mission will launch from Cape Canaveral on February 6. The ESA-led mission will provide the first views of the Sun’s unchartered polar regions, giving unprecedented insight into how our star works.

2.229 billion years: Scientists date world's oldest meteor crater

A crater in western Australia was formed by a meteor strike more than 2.2 billion years ago and is the world's oldest known impact site, new research published Wednesday shows.

Essential Science: Developing ML to see protein patterns

A new machine learning system has been used to characterize 800 million-year-old amino acid patterns that had, up until now, puzzled scientists. These protein patterns are of great importance and they are responsible for facilitating protein interactions.

New motion sensitive approach to wireless technology

Waterloo-based startup Cognitive Systems, at the world’s biggest and most influential consumer technology trade show CES, presented a new approach in wireless technology based on sensing motion.

Q&A: Emerging consensus for evidence-based brain training Special

There's an emerging consensus in the medical world about the value of evidence-based brain training. Leading neuroscientist Dr. Henry Mahncke explains why and provides some tips on getting it for free.

Biological pathways which boost lifespan identified

Biologists have identified pathways which could extend lifespan by 500 percent. The finding, connected to cellular mechanisms. may pave the way for new and more effective anti-aging therapies.

Study: Incan idol that escaped Conquistadors' destruction is real

A tall wooden idol that allegedly escaped destruction by the Spanish conquistadors is real — but it may not be quite what people suspected. The statue is even older than thought and may have been worshipped by the people who came before the Inca.

Scientists find powerhouses that fight tumours from within

Lurking deep inside some tumours are "factories" full of immune cells that help the body fight a rearguard action against cancer and are key to helping some patients recover, new research has shown.

Why gene therapy is set to transform medicine

Advances in gene therapy offer the possibility to transform medicine. These types of medicines were given their first market approvals in 2017, and since then sector growth has accelerated.

Improving the costs and yields of lab-grown meat

Investment in lab-grown meet continues, with the search for the type of product that will taste more realistic to ‘real meat’ and which can also be produced to scale. Researchers have put forward a new process that could deliver a consistent product.

7 bn years: Scientists say oldest solid material found

Researchers said Monday that new techniques have allowed them to identify the oldest solid material ever found on earth.

Healing powers of Manuka honey explored in new study

A new investigation finds that Manuka honey could help with the recovery of patients from certain post-operative infections. This is due to the antimicrobial properties of the chemicals within the honey, confirming some earlier studies.

Essential Science: Earth-size habitable-zone world detected

NASA has reported it has detected an Earth-like planet that has all the indications of being habitable. This forms part of the space agency’s attempt to seek out new planets of interest in the cosmos.

Joint mission will launch 2 satellites to track rising sea levels

One of the clear signs of climate change is rising ocean levels. Now a joint mission involving the US and Europe is launching a pair of satellites starting in November 2020, to provide more detailed information about rising sea levels.

What will it be like to live on Mars? Special

Plans continue to be drawn up, by both NASA and private companies like SpaceX, for sending humans to Mars. Once a Mars colony is established, what might it be like? London's Design Museum explores different concepts.

Is Betelgeuse about to go supernova?

Astronomers have noted that the star Betelgeuse is becoming less bright, appearing especially faint in the night sky. The dimming represents the biggest dip in brightness of a star yet recorded. Is this the beginning of the end?

New-found cannabis compound 30 times more potent than THC

Two new-found cannabinoids have been discovered in the glands of the Cannabis plant, and one of them may be at least 30 times more potent as the high-inducing compound THC.

African grey parrots get by with a little help from friends

Acting selflessly to help others in need was long thought to be a trait confined to mammals, in particular humans and some great ape species like bonobos and orangutans.

Over-hunting of walrus may have led to Vikings leaving Greenland

The mysterious disappearance of Greenland’s medieval Norse society in the 15th century came after walruses were hunted almost to extinction, researchers have said.

Essential Science: Is a vaccine for MRSA possible?

MRSA has caused numerous deaths in the hospital setting. Despite good progress with other vaccines, no vaccine for MRSA appears in sight. A new study shows why this is and points towards the best direction to go forwards.

Accelerating the communications highway with structured light

Structured light, relating to a light-based quantum network, promises the means to achieve faster and more secure communications, according to a new study.

World's biggest flower found blooming in Indonesian jungle

Proving that 2020 is going to be a year of mixed blessings, conservationists in Indonesia have discovered the largest-ever blooming flower — on a parasitic plant that literally smells like death.

Forgetfulness is connected to different times of the day

Are we equally forgetful at any point during the day? New research suggests there is a time-connection to how well we might recall some information and when we are most likely to forget a vital fact.

Science creates the perfect head of beer

Cheers! Scientists have developed a process to create the perfect head of beer, eliminating the excessive frothing that can occur when a beer is poured too quickly or the flat looking ‘headless’ beer that can sometimes be served up in bars.

Ultrashort x-ray technology to probe the heart of planets

Space scientists have developed a sophisticated combination of super-powerful lasers together with very bright x-rays, enabling new experiments to be conducted that can gaze into the inner heart of other planets.

Owning a dog as a child lowers the risk of schizophrenia

It seems that growing up with a dog in the household could have a benefit in later life, for early-exposure to dogs appears to lower the risk of developing schizophrenia. The same effect is, interestingly, not present with early-exposure to cats.

Complete human genome extracted from 6,000 year-old gum

Chewing gum is never easy to get rid of, and one piece of gum, estimated to be 5,700 years-old, has enabled scientists to map out the human genome of the person who chewed it and to gain an insight into their microbiome.

Dogs are found to count in a similar way to humans

It’s established that dogs can count numbers up to a given level. New research shows that dogs undertake this function in the same brain region as humans, which suggests a common neural mechanism as part of mammalian evolution.

Inner Milky Way reveals a cosmic 'candy cane'

NASA's new mapping process of the inner Milky Way, has revealed what appears to be a cosmic 'candy cane'. This takes the form of a colorful composite image of the Milky Way galaxy's central zone.

Galaxies formed one billion years earlier than previously thought

The detection of a distant galaxy, far more massive than the Milky Way reveals that the 'cores' of massive galaxies had already formed 1.5 billion years after the Big Bang, this is some 1 billion years earlier than calculations suggested.

Virtual reality can boost flu vaccination rates

Virtual reality could help flu vaccination rates, according to a new study which finds that virtual reality could provide a path to increased acceptance of the influenza shot.

Essential Science: The top science stories of 2019

Digital Journal provides cutting-edge science and technology features throughout the year. We present the pick of 2019, showcasing the latest innovative research, from stormquakes to bioprinting human hearts.

Magnetic North Pole has now crossed the Prime Meridian

Earth's magnetic north pole, which has been wandering faster than expected in recent years, has now crossed the prime meridian, based on the latest model of the Earth's magnetic field, released this month.

Op-Ed: Conservatism vs science: Against America’s best interests

Would you call dismantling United States science programs and research “national scale sabotage”? Some would. The sheer scope of the Trump administration’s war on science is staggering. It’s systemic, and it’s dangerous.

Mars 2020 rover to seek ancient life, prepare human missions

The Mars 2020 rover, which sets off for the Red Planet next year, will not only search for traces of ancient life, but pave the way for future human missions, NASA scientists said Friday as they unveiled the vehicle.
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