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New studies looking into how playing video games can affect the brain indicated that regular gaming can trigger changes across several brain regions, boosting efficiency but also fueling addiction.

Advanced optical imaging provides new cellular insights

A new combination of two microscope technologies has provided scientists with a new insight into the biological processes occurring inside all living cells. This enables particles near the membrane of human cells, for example, to be better visualized.

New mechanism found for Arctic warming and melting ice

A new atmospheric mechanism by which warm dust travels from the Sahara Desert across the eastern side of the North Atlantic Ocean towards the Arctic, resulting in a warming Arctic and ice melting in southeast Greenland has been found.

A second NASA telescope decides to 'have a little vacation'

Less than a week after the Hubble Space Telescope went offline, the Chandra X-ray Observatory did the same thing, according to NASA on Friday. The space agency notes there appears to be a gyroscope problem with Chandra.

Human retinas successfully grown in a dish

To help to understand how color vision develops researchers have successfully grown human retinas in a Petri dish. These bio-constructs will allow for different theories to be tested.

Breakthrough on the path towards an HIV vaccine

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains a significant, uncurbable disease. However, scientists continue to research the disease, with a focus on treatment and prevention. New research points towards a potenital vaccine.

Robotic insects could pollinate plants should bees collapse

Bees, which perform the vital pollination role required for framing, are in decline. In case of an event that wipes out most bees from the planet, scientists are developing robotic pollinators.

Japan delays touchdown of Hayabusa2 probe on asteroid: official

A Japanese probe sent to examine an asteroid in order to shed light on the origins of the solar system will now land on the rock several months later than planned, officials said Thursday.

Japan space tourist says moon training 'shouldn't be too hard'

Billionaire Japanese tycoon and future space tourist Yusaku Maezawa's training to go the moon should not be too tricky, he joked Tuesday, adding that he planned to use free time from his six-hour work day to squeeze it in.

Essential Science: New cement paste gets stronger when it cracks

Scientists have used 3D printing technology to develop a super-strong form of cement. This is based on the addition of an ingredient that becomes stronger the more pressure that is applied to it.

Call for a microbial 'Noah's Ark' to protect global health

Microbiologists have stated that a microbial 'Noah's Ark' is needed in order to protect global health. This is due to a widespread loss of microbiota diversity around the world.

Pentagon's project called 'Insect Allies' - Is it a bioweapon?

A new Pentagon program wants to make insects that spread viruses to food crops to ensure food security, but scientists say the "Insect Allies" program is a biological weapon waiting to happen.

Advancing the participation of young women in tech

A movement called #movethedial has been established, with the aim of advancing the participation and leadership of all women in tech. The organization is now accepting applications from youth (ages 14 – 24) with a passion for STEM subjects.

New technology addresses backpack strain issues

Backpacks are standard load carriers for people of all ages, such as school children and the military. A new research study has assessed the impact of different weights in different locations, in order to study the full impact on the spine.

Q&A: Virtual reality can aid medical learning and development Special

Osso VR is a virtual reality surgical training program being used globally to train residents and surgeons. The developer of the system explains the benefit of VR to train the next generation of surgeons

In a first, HIV-positive mother donates liver to save her child's life

Faced with the only chance to save a child's life, doctors in South Africa have performed a medical first -- transplanting part of the liver from a HIV-positive mother into her HIV-negative child, it was announced Thursday.

Study: Protection of astronauts from deep space radiation needed

A new NASA-funded study reveals that exposure to space radiation on long trips, like a voyage to Mars, could permanently harm astronauts' intestines and lead to stomach and colon cancer.

ISS astronauts return to Earth amid US-Russia tensions

Two American astronauts and a Russian cosmonaut returned to Earth on Thursday wrapping up a six-month mission at the International Space Station as tensions between Washington and Moscow threaten a rare area of cooperation.

Astronauts return to Earth from ISS amid US-Russia tensions

Two American astronauts and a Russian cosmonaut returned to Earth Thursday wrapping up a six-month mission at the International Space Station as tensions between Washington and Moscow threaten a rare area of cooperation.

'Darwin in a test tube': Trio wins Nobel for harnessing evolution

US scientists Frances Arnold and George Smith and British researcher Gregory Winter won the Nobel Chemistry Prize on Wednesday for applying the principles of evolution to develop proteins used in everything from new biofuels to to the world's best-sell...

Touchdown! Japan space probe lands new robot on asteroid

A Japanese probe landed a new observation robot on an asteroid on Wednesday as it pursues a mission to shed light on the origins of the solar system.

Female Nobel winner a long time coming, and a drop in the ocean

When Canadian scientist Donna Strickland got the early morning call informing her she just won the Nobel Physics Prize, she could barely hide her amazement.

Life thrives deep within the Earth — A journey into the Kidd Mine

A short drive north of Timmons, Ontario, Canada is the world's oldest copper and zinc mine. The gaping pit is 100 meters (324 feet) across and up to 10,000 feet (3,300 meters) deep. But the mine holds a secret not many people know about.

Laser pioneers win Nobel Physics Prize

Three scientists on Tuesday won the Nobel Physics Prize, including the first woman in 55 years, for inventing optical lasers that have paved the way for advanced precision instruments used in corrective eye surgery, the jury said.

Jungle-penetrating Lidar sheds light on ancient Maya structures

Lidar, a form of 3D laser scanning, provides a powerful technique for three-dimensional mapping. It is proving to be a valuable tool in archaeology, particularly where the remains of structures may be hidden beneath forest canopies.

NASA's 3-part plan to send humans to Mars

NASA has unveiled an ambitious three-stage plan, outlining the agencies next phases for human pace missions. The National Space Exploration Plan, backed by President Trump, includes visits to the Moon and to Mars.

US, Japan duo win Nobel Medicine Prize for cancer therapy

Two immunologists, James Allison of the US and Tasuku Honjo of Japan, won the 2018 Nobel Medicine Prize for research into how the body's natural defences can fight cancer, the jury said on Monday.

Essential Science: Unpicking ‘dark data’ in fossil collections

Scientists have begun to use new technologies to help quantify the vast and curious fossil finds that are stored, and in some cases remained untouched for decades, on museum shelves.

S.African lion cubs conceived artificially in world first

Watching the two little lion cubs boisterously play with each other at a conservation centre outside of South Africa's capital Pretoria, it's hard to see anything out of the ordinary. But these cubs are unique.

Self-powered heart monitor fixes to the skin

Japanese researchers have devised a self-powered heart monitor that undertakes its measurement functions from the outside, by being taped to the skin.

Hyabusa2 rovers send back stunning images of Ryugu

On September 21, the Japanese space agency JAXA made history by safely landing two tiny rovers on the rugged terrain of an asteroid. The first images were astounding, simply because they proved the little rovers were working, but check out the new images.

Impact from violent bombings in WWII felt to the edge of space

World War II has been relegated to the history books and the massive bombing raids have almost been forgotten. A new study finds that the shockwaves from those bombs not only left deep and obvious scars on the land but were felt at the edge of space.

Japan firm signs with SpaceX for lunar missions

A Japanese start-up is to send spacecraft to the moon in a deal signed with Elon Musk's SpaceX, the Tokyo-based firm said Wednesday.

European Space Agency shining the spotlight on sea-level rise

Scientists are meeting in the Azores this week to share findings on how satellites have revealed changes in the height of the sea, ice, inland bodies of water and more. Much of the meeting's focus will be on sea level rise.

DNA tests bring together French son of GI and US half-brother

A Frenchman who spent his whole adult life searching for his American father, a soldier who fought in Europe during World War Two, said he was "bowled over" after coming face-to-face with a previously unknown half-brother on Monday thanks to a chance D...

With genetic tweak, mosquito population made extinct

Scientists said Monday they had succeeded for the first time in wiping out an entire population of malaria-carrying mosquitos in the lab using a gene editing tool to programme their extinction.

Essential Science: Four distinct clusters of personality types

Based on a detailed study of data, scientists have determined there are four personality types. The new research could alter the fundamentals of psychology, overturning established paradigms.

Artificial intelligence used to detect early signs of dementia

Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence test which can detect the early signs of dementia. The aim is to use the test in the clinical setting to help to detect cases early so that appropriate treatment can be given.

The suspense is over — Hayabusu2 rovers made safe landing

Whew - The suspense is finally over. JAXA's two tiny hopping robots have successfully landed on an asteroid called Ryugu — and they've even sent back some wild images from their new home.

Japan space robots start asteroid survey

A pair of robot rovers have landed on an asteroid and begun a survey, Japan's space agency said Saturday, as it conducts a mission aiming to shed light on the origins of the solar system.

Bacteria in the human gut generate electricity

An interesting discovery has been made about several species of bacteria that inhabit the human intestines and which constitute part of the human microbiome. These organisms have been shown to generate electricity.