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Regular dental visits, plus a regimented brushing regime coupled with flossing are recommended by dentists. A new study, looking at the microbiome of the mouth, provides support for such regimes for overall health.

Tracking viral epidemics needs to account for evolution

Models for tracking viral outbreaks, as with the current novel coronavirus issue, need to assess the ability of the virus to mutate. Accounting for the evolutionary impact of the virus is essential for accurate modelling, according to new research.

Genetically modified bacteria used to protect pollinators

Biologists have proposed a new strategy designed to protect honeybees from colony collapse disorder. This is based on deploying genetically engineered strains of bacteria, with the aim of altering the microbiome of the bee.

Why the fight against coronavirus is proving so complicated

Many in society are wondering why the novel coronavirus is proving especially challenging to contain. There are several reasons for this complexity, ranging from how infectious it actually is to how it moves through a population.

Race for vaccine tests limits of drug innovation

From medical workers struggling to care for the rising tide of COVID-19 patients to the billions of people told to stay home to slow the pandemic, everyone is waiting for one thing: a vaccine.

Presence of microbial DNA in blood may indicate signs of cancer

A new study indicates that looking for signs of certain microbial DNA in a patient's blood may be tell-tale sign of cancer. The discovery could help to advance cancer detection.

Essential Science: Why some medications make COVID-19 worse

A new review of certain prescribed medications indicates that some drugs may make COVID-19 symptoms worse, especially in relation to the lungs. We also look at some other findings of interest in relation to the virus.

The path towards the coronavirus vaccine

Researchers based at the University of Oxford indicate they have identified a potential vaccine for the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. The scientists are working towards the first clinical trials. This and four other coronavirus developments are summarized.

Meet the patron saint of epidemics and pestilence — Saint Corona

Germany’s Aachen Cathedral has dug out the relics of little-known Saint Corona, patron saint of resisting epidemics, from its treasure chamber and is polishing up her elaborate shrine to showcase once the coronavirus pandemic has passed.

Q&A: Solution to the challenge of water phosphate regulations Special

Phosphate and phosphonate chemistries can help to control water systems. However, they can lead to dangerous levels of microbial growth. To overcome this, a nutrient-free industrial cooling corrosion control program has been developed.

Essential Science: Coronavirus was not genetically engineered

Time to take those conspiracy theories and put them into a box labeled ‘fake moon landings’. The novel coronavirus sweeping the world was not genetically engineered and it is of natural origin, as new research shows.

China embarks on clinical trial for virus vaccine

China has started the first phase of a clinical trial for a novel coronavirus vaccine, records show, as the world's scientists race to find a way to combat the deadly pathogen.

Extreme infrared laser pulses reveal frozen electron waves

Scientists have deployed extreme infrared laser pulses to unlock frozen electron waves in magnetite, which is generally regarded as the world's oldest magnetic material. This solves a long-standing puzzle in physics.

Q&A:Transforming genetic medicine as the medical standard of care Special

Can genetic medicine become the medical standard of care? Scientific developments are heading this way. One example is a new machine learning platform from the biotechnology firm Emedgene. The company's founder explains the technology.

Coronavirus update: Round up of positive news stories

The general preoccupation of the media is with the more concerning aspects of the coronavirus pandemic (such as the mounting death count). While this needs reporting, there are positive developments as well. Digital Journal provides an overview.

SpaceX plans first manned flight to space station in May

Elon Musk's SpaceX will send astronauts to the International Space Station for the first time in May, NASA said, announcing the first crewed launch from the United States to the platform since 2011.

FDA fast-tracks novel coronavirus test to speed up diagnosis

As the cases of the novel coronavirus spread, researchers are developing new tests designed to speed up detection of the virus. Developments include the use of synthetic RNA and a new rapid test for nucleic acid.

UK rolls out tougher virus action after dire science warning

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson's government on Tuesday unveiled a huge package of support for businesses to help them survive the introduction of tough new social measures to stem the coronavirus outbreak.

Doctors map body's COVID-19 immune response: study

Researchers in Australia said Tuesday they had mapped the body's immune response to the novel coronavirus, in a potential breakthrough in the fight against the global killer.

Essential Science: First treatment option for COVID-19 developed

The novel coronavirus that causes the infection COVID-19 has been hard to ignore, dominating headlines. With the question ‘how close are researchers to developing a treatment?’, one drug appears promising for blocking viral entry into cells.

Mars Rover mission delayed until 2022 due to technology issues

The joint European-Russian Mars Rover launch has been delayed by up to one year, with the July 2021 plan pushed back to 2022. This is unrelated to coronavirus and instead due to technological difficulties.

Artificial intelligence finds new antibiotic

Technologists, working with microbiologists, have made a significant breakthrough in the hunt for new antimicrobials. By using artificial intelligence, a new candidate antibiotic has been identified.

Canadian scientists have successfully isolated the COVID-19 virus

Researchers from Sunnybrook Research Institute and two Ontario universities have managed to isolate and grow copies of the new coronavirus that has caused the World Health Organization to declare a pandemic.

Biometrics used to assess worker happiness and productivity

A new industrial study has used a biometric wearable to draw the conclusion that worker happiness leads to greater productivity. The study collected data relating to worker emotions, and cross-related the data to work rate.

Guatemala find reveals early Mayan writing

A 2,000 year old stela recently discovered in Guatemala has revealed examples of the genesis of Mayan writing, according to experts studying the ancient civilization that dominated much of Central America.

Essential Science: Fish-oil can assist with reducing heart risk

People are generally told to cut down on the amount of fat in their diets. However, there are some types of fats regarded as essential, such as Omega-3 fatty acids. New research considers how Omega-3 can benefit the heart.

Rust and light lead to improved hydrogen fuel production

Researchers have identified a new, and more efficient means, for of producing hydrogen directly from an organic waste solution. This is by using a catalyst formed from rust, with the help of light.

Technologists develop ‘smart glue’ for underwater use

Can a glue work underwater? Researchers have developed an adhesive product that will fix things in water. The smart component relates to the glue being able to turn its adhesive properties on and off.

SpaceX nails its 50th Falcon booster landing Friday night

Not only did SpaceX successfully launched another load of station supplies for NASA late Friday night, including the Bartolomeo facility, created by ESA (European Space Agency) and Airbus, but SpaceX also nailed its 50th rocket landing.

Can calorie restriction prevent the negative effects of aging?

New research has explored the impact of calorie restriction on the rate of aging and in relation to the 'negative' effects of getting older. The data to date relates to an animal model, paving the way for further studies.

Bartolomeo to become first commercial platform on ISS

Its days on Earth are numbered - the external platform Bartolomeo is currently waiting for its launch to the International Space Station (ISS) at Kennedy Space Center in Florida inside a SpaceX Dragon capsule.

Op-Ed: Protein in a meteorite — Dithering about the obvious

A protein in a meteorite 4.5 billion years old, you say? Oh, what an opportunity for missing the obvious! Let’s babble for another 30 years, shall we? Fermi couldn’t be that wrong, after all.

New platform technologies speed development of COVID-19 vaccine

Vaccines are incontrovertibly the best means to control infectious diseases and there are no human vaccines against any of the (now) 7 known human coronaviruses. However, this is 2020, and we have "vaccine platforms," a way to develop vaccines safely.

Advances in deep learning assist with weather prediction

The ability to accurately predict the weather is better than it was ten years ago, both in terms of what is likely to happen and in terms of the number of days ahead the prediction can be made. Deep learning is set to improve forecasts even further.

Essential Science: How robotics is reshaping surgical practice

A key advance with medical technology relates to the introduction of robots to assist with surgical procedures, helping surgeons to make assessments and to perform procedures with greater accuracy.

Bacteria-eating viruses bridge the gap of life and non-life

Bacteriophage are a type of simple virus that infects bacteria, being spread by its bacterial host and being reliant upon the bacterial cell to replicate. New research indicates that some phages are more complex than they first appear.

Using AI to pinpoint disease-linked genes

Scientists have pioneered a method to locate disease-related genes, based on the application of artificial intelligence. The specially developed artificial neural network has revealed patterns across vast quantities of gene expression data.

Enlisting bacteria to make ‘green’ nylon

Using bacteria to convert sugars into “green” products, such as polymer precursors for nylon, is progressing due to advances with metabolic engineering such as a specially designed biosensor from Los Alamos.

Researchers uncover hidden antibiotic potential of cannabis

A cannabis compound has been shown to kill some of the most worrisome antibiotic-resistant bacteria in a study by Canadian researchers at McMaster University.

Super-sensitive robot can now hold a jellyfish

The ability of robots to sense and touch, long held as one of the main limitations with the advance of robotics, has been boosted by new research. A robot has been developed that can safely pick up a jellyfish, with harming the aquatic creature.

Earth captures new 'mini moon'

Earth has acquired a second "mini-moon" about the size of a car, according to astronomers who spotted the object circling our planet.The mass -- roughly 1.9-3.
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