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Press Release

Flame Retardant Chemicals: Technologies and Global Markets

PR Newswire

NEW YORK, Sept. 10, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- ReportliNker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:

Flame Retardant Chemicals: Technologies and Global Markets
http://www.reportlinker.com/p01622606/Flame-Retardant-Chemicals-Technologies-and-Global-Markets.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Chemical

Highlights :

- An overview of the global market for flame-retardant chemicals, with coverage of plastics, textiles, wood/paper, coatings/paper, coatings/construction, and coatings/decorations market applications.
- Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2008 and 2012, estimates for 2013, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2018.
- Reviews of government regulations and their impact on the market, as they obligate manufacturers to add flame-retardant chemicals to a wide range of products used every day.
- Discussion of industry structure, including major suppliers.
- Evaluations of chemicals by retardant mechanism, by chemical type, and by end-use application.

STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES

Flame Retardant Chemicals: Technologies and Global Markets presents an overview of the worldwide market size, growth and trends for this important and special industrial segment of chemicals. The report reviews global markets for specific flame retardant chemicals and forecasts trends and sales in these markets through 2018. The major applications and industries using these special flame-retarding products are discussed. The regulations driving this market are reviewed and a look at disasters that have occurred because they were not used. The impact of regulations on the global market is evaluated. Estimates of market share by product application and chemical types are analyzed. Regional consumption by chemical and by application is presented. The industry structure and profiles of the major companies in this market space are discussed.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

Government regulations and industry standards obligate manufacturers to add flame retardant chemicals to a wide range of products that are used every day. The irony of this industry is that some of these flame retardant products, while responsible for saving countless lives, may be toxic. To protect consumers and the environment, regulations are put in place limiting the use of specific flame retardants in certain applications. The benefits of protecting people from death and property from damage resulting from fires must be weighed against exposure to chemicals that could be potentially harmful to human health and the environment. The impact these regulations have on the industry is multi-dimensional. This study will discuss the flame retardant chemicals market resulting from efforts to balance fire-retardant requirements and environmental regulations and take a look at new compounds and approaches addressing the flame retardant issue.

INTENDED AUDIENCE

Flame Retardant Chemicals: Technologies and Global Markets is a detailed report covering plastics, textiles, wood/paper, coatings/paper, coatings/construction and coatings/ decoration applications. The report aids in strategic planning for companies supplying flame retardants to customers in need of these products or that are required by law to use flame retardants. This technical marketing report will assist end users of flame retardants and flame-retarded products and those needing further information about this industry. Information will be provided to support estimates.

SCOPE OF REPORT

The scope of this study includes the chemicals used for flame retardant purposes. The chemicals are evaluated by retardant mechanism and by chemical type and by end-use application. Particular attention is paid to the plastics industry. The current flame retardant chemicals market is assessed and compared to historical market performance. Projected sales for the industry as a whole are forecast by application and type. The market is also valued on a corporate, regional and worldwide scale. The impacts of the industries using flame retardant products are discussed.METHODOLOGYBCC Research evaluates flame retardant chemical applications and types. To make projections for the future of the flame retardant chemicals market, a correlation between products using flame retardant chemicals and the annual sales of flame retardant chemicals was developed. Interviews were conducted with raw material suppliers, flame retardant chemical companies and end-user company representatives to compile a full picture of the future of the flame retardant chemical marketplace.

INFORMATION SOURCES

Hundreds of information sources contributed to this study, including interviews with industry experts, research databases, technical abstracts, commerce publications, government sources, annual reports and trade information combined with the author's own experience. It should be noted that this document deals with flame retardant chemical additives and not with products such as Nafion that are inherently flame retardant.
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 2
STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES 2
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 2
INTENDED AUDIENCE 2
SCOPE OF REPORT 2
METHODOLOGY 3
INFORMATION SOURCES 3
ANALYST CREDENTIALS 3
BCC ONLINE SERVICES 3
RELATED BCC RESEARCH PUBLICATIONS 4
DISCLAIMER 4
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY 6
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 6
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS,
2008-2018 (MILLION LBS) 6
CHAPTER 3 INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 10
IMPORTANCE OF THE INDUSTRY 10
FLAME RETARDANCY BASICS 11

TERMINOLOGY 11
MECHANISMS OF BURNING 11
TABLE 1 ADDITIVES/MODIFIERS FOR CONTROLLING BURNING 12
NEW METHOD TO STUDY THE COMBUSTION OF POLYMERS 13
FLAME RETARDANT CONCEPTS 13
PHYSICAL DILUTION 14
CHEMICAL INTERFERENCES 14
INERT GAS DILUTION 14
THERMAL QUENCHING 14
PROTECTIVE COATINGS 15
GENERALLY ACCEPTED MECHANISMS OF FLAME RETARDANT CONTROL 15
TABLE 2 FLAME RETARDANTS AND GENERALLY ACCEPTED MECHANISMS OF
CONTROL 15
TYPES OF FLAME RETARDANTS 15
ADDITIVE FLAME RETARDANTS 15
TABLE 3 ADDITIVES/MODIFIERS FOR CONTROL OF BURNING 16
REACTIVE FLAME RETARDANTS 17
SYNERGISTIC FLAME RETARDANTS 17
TABLE 4 REPRESENTATIVE SYNERGISTIC FLAME RETARDANT COMBINATIONS (%) 18
DIVERSITY OF FLAME-RETARDED PRODUCTS 18
TABLE 5 FLAME RETARDANTS AND PRODUCTS WHERE THEY ARE COMMONLY
USED 19
COMBINED CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 20
TABLE 6 COMMON CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 20
TESTING 20
TABLE 7 OXYGEN INDICES OF SOME COMMON MATERIALS 21
Cone Calorimeter 21
TABLE 8 CONE CALORIMETRY PARAMETERS AND VALUES 22
Medium-Scale Testing 22

Large-Scale Testing 22
LOI 22
UL-94 23
TABLE 9 UL-94 BURN TEST RATINGS 23
Additional Tests 23
INDUSTRY ENVIRONMENT 24
THE NEGATIVE VIEW OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 24
BABY PRODUCTS WITH TOXIC OR UNTESTED FLAME RETARDANTS 26
FLAME RETARDANTS MAY BE LINKED TO FELINE ILLNESS 27
U. S. REGULATIONS RESTRICTING USE OF CERTAIN FLAME RETARDANTS 27
Toxic Substances Control Act 27
EPA Regulations 27
State Laws 28
EUROPEAN RESTRICTIONS ON FLAME RETARDANTS 29
WEEE 29
RoHS 29
SIGNIFICANT ORGANIZATIONS REGULATING FIRE CONTROL 30
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY (NIST) 30
UNIFORM BUILDING CODE 31
U.S. FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS 32
UPHOLSTERY REGULATIONS 32
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH) 32
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA) 33
OSHA Standards 33
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.132 33
OSHA CFR 29 1910.269 33
ROLE OF NON-FEDERAL AGENCIES 34
NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION 34
TABLE 10 NFPA GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS 35
TABLE 11 AGENCIES INVOLVED IN ESTABLISHING FLAME RETARDANT AND
PROTECTIVE STANDARDS 36
ASTM INTERNATIONAL 36
ASTM Standards 36
ASTM D6413 36
ASTM 1506 37
ASTM F1959 37

ASTM F1958 37
D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles 38
ASTM 1891 38
AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI) 38
UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES INC. 39
OTHER COMPLIANCE REGULATIONS 39
OTHER ORGANIZATIONS OF INTEREST 39
ALLIANCE FOR CONSUMER FIRE SAFETY IN EUROPE 39
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF STATE FIRE MARSHALS 39
AMERICAN FIRE SAFETY COUNCIL (AFSC) 40
BROMINE SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL FORUM (BSEF) 40
EUROPEAN BROMINATED FLAME RETARDANT INDUSTRY PANEL 40
EUROPEAN FLAME RETARDANTS ASSOCIATION (EFRA) 40
GROUPEMENT TECHNIQUE Fran├žais CONTRE L'INCENDIE 40
INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS ON USE OF FLAME RETARDANTS 40
ASIAN REGULATIONS 41
SPECIFIC EUROPEAN REGULATIONS 41
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION 42
ISO TC61 COMMITTEE STANDARDS 42
THE DEPARTMENT FOR BUSINESS, ENTERPRISE AND REGULATORY
REFORM (BERR) 42
THE BRITISH STANDARDS INSTITUTION (BSI) 42
TABLE 12 EUROPEAN ORGANIZATIONS AND NETWORKS RELATED TO FIRES AND
FIRE MANAGEMENT 43
TABLE 13 ITEM FIRST IGNITED IN TYPICAL U.S. RESIDENTIAL FIRES (MARKET/%) 45
STRATEGIES AND OPPORTUNITIES 46
DRIVING FORCES 46
CHAPTER 4 FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 49
CHEMICALS THAT ARE FLAME RETARDANT 49
TABLE 14 CHEMICALS COMMONLY USED AS FLAME RETARDANTS 49
TABLE 15 SIGNIFICANT FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 50
TABLE 16 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION LBS) 50
ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE 51
Bauxite/Aluminum Trihydrate Sources 52

Aluminum Trihydrate Grades 52
Consumption of Aluminum Trihydrate as a Flame retardant 53
TABLE 17 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 53
TABLE 18 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2014 (MILLION LBS) 54
ANTIMONY OXIDE 54
Sources 54
FIGURE 1 REACTIONS OF ANTIMONY TRIOXIDE WITH HALOGENS 55
Consumption of Antimony Oxide 56
TABLE 19 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ANTIMONY OXIDE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION
LBS) 56
TABLE 20 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ANTIMONY OXIDE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 57
TABLE 21 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ANTIMONY OXIDE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 57
BROMINE-BASED COMPOUNDS 57
TABLE 22 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS IN
ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONICS COMPONENTS, 2013 (%) 58
Types of Bromine-Based Flame Retardants 58
TABLE 23 TYPES OF AROMATIC BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT COMPOUNDS 59
TABLE 24 SIGNIFICANT AROMATIC BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT
COMPOUNDS 59
TABLE 25 SIGNIFICANT TYPES OF ALIPHATIC BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT
COMPOUNDS 60
Consumption of Bromine-Based Flame retardants 60
TABLE 26 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 61
TABLE 27 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT BROMINE-BASED
CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 62
CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT COMPOUNDS 62
Chlorine-Based FR Properties 63
Sources of Chlorine 63
Chlorine-Based Flame retardant Types 64
Dechlorane Plus 64

Consumption of Chlorine-Based Flame Retardants 65
TABLE 28 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 65
TABLE 29 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 67
MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE 68
Magnesium Hydroxide Properties 68
Sources of Magnesium Hydroxide 69
Magnesium Hydroxide Grades 69
Consumption of Magnesium Hydroxide as a Flame Retardant 70
TABLE 30 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 70
TABLE 31 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 71
MELAMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS 72
Eurotecnica Melamine Technology 73
Pure Melamine 73
Melamine Derivatives 73
Melamine Homologues 74
TABLE 32 COMMON MELAMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 74
Consumption of Melamine and Derivatives as Flame retardants 75
TABLE 33 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MELAMINE TYPE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 75
TABLE 34 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MELAMINE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 76
PHOSPHORUS-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS 76
Phosphates 77
Phosphonates and Phosphinates 78

Red Phosphorus 78
Ammonium Polyphosphate 78
Consumption of Phosphorous-Based Flame retardants 79
TABLE 35 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF PHOSPHORUS-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 79
TABLE 36 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF PHOSPHORUS-BASED FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 80
OTHER FLAME RETARDANTS 81
Silicone-Based Fire Resistant Coatings 81
Boron-Based Fire-Retardants 82
Boron Sources 82
Loading Levels of Boron Compounds for Wood 83
Molybdenum-Based Fire-Retardants 83
Molybdenum Properties 84
Molybdate Smoke Suppression 84
Molybdenum Sources 85
Nanocomposite Flame retardant Chemicals 85
Nanocomposites in Packaging 85
Burning Nanocomposites 86
Nanocoatings for Flame retardant Polyurethane Foams 86
Migration of Flame Retardant Additives and Nanoparticles in
Polymeric Matrices 87
Smectite Clays 87
Nanocomposite Properties 88
In Situ Polymerization 88
Solvent-Method 89
Melt-Intercalation 89
Graphite-Based Flame retardant Chemicals 89

Properties 89
Fullerene (C60)-Potential Flame retardant for Polyolefins 90
Dust-Free Sustainable Polymeric Flame Retardant Systems 90
Inorganic Tin Fire-Retardants 91
Global Market for Other Flame retardant Chemicals 91
TABLE 37 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF OTHER FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY
END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 92
CHAPTER 5 TYPES OF FLAME RETARDANT PRODUCTS 94
FLAME-RETARDED PRODUCTS 94
RESIDENTIAL FIRE CONCERNS 94
Occurrence and Consequences 94
Cost 95
Groups at Risk 95
TABLE 38 MAJOR FLAME RETARDANTS AND THEIR APPLICATION 96
TABLE 39 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MAJOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 96
PRODUCTS THAT ARE SMOKE AND FLAME RETARDED 96
TABLE 40 MAJOR MARKETS USING FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 97
TABLE 41 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY
APPLICATION MARKET, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 97
PLASTICS 98
TABLE 42 RELATIVE PERCENTAGE OF FLAME RETARDANTS IN PLASTICS, 2013
(MILLION LBS) 98
FLAME RETARDANT METHODS USED FOR PLASTICS 99
TABLE 43 METHODS OF FLAME-RETARDING POLYMERS 99
TABLE 44 CRITERIA FOR SELECTING FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 100
TABLE 45 TYPES OF PLASTICS USING FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 100
Forecast for Flame retardant Chemicals in Plastics Consumption 101
TABLE 46 GLOBAL FORECAST OF CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS USED IN PLASTICS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 101
AVAILABLE PLASTICS STATISTICS 102
Resources 102
ACRYLICS 103
EPOXY RESINS 104
NYLONS 104

Other Chemicals in Nylons 105
PHENOLICS 105
POLYCARBONATES 106
POLYESTERS 107
POLYETHYLENES/POLYPROPYLENES 108
POLYURETHANE 110
TABLE 47 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS PRODUCT
MARKET USED IN POLYURETHANES, 2008 (%) 111
Aluminum Trihydrate in Polyurethane 112
Chlorine Compounds in Polyurethane 112
Phosphorus in Polyurethanes 112
TABLE 48 PHOSPHORUS + NITROGEN-SYNERGY IN POLYURETHANES (%) 113
Melamine in Polyurethanes 113
Miscellaneous Chemicals in Polyurethanes 113
POLYVINYL CHLORIDE 113
TABLE 49 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION PROJECTIONS OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICAL
PRODUCTS USED IN POLYVINYL CHLORIDES, 2014 (%) 114
Aluminum Trihydrate in PVC 114
Antimony Oxide in PVC 115
Bromine Compounds in PVC 115
Chlorine Compounds in PVC 115
Phosphorus in PVC 115
Magnesium Hydroxide in PVC 115
STYRENES 116
TABLE 50 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION PROJECTIONS OF FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS IN STYRENES, 2018 (%) 116
Aluminum Trihydrate in Styrenes 117
Antimony Oxide in Styrenes 117

Bromine Compounds in Styrenes 117
Chlorine Compounds in Styrenes 118
Phosphorus Compounds in Styrenes 118
Magnesium Hydroxide in Styrenes 118
Other Chemicals in Styrenes 118
TEXTILES 118
TEXTILE CLASSIFICATIONS 119
Non-Durable 119
Semi-Durable 119
Durable 120
Nomex 120
TYPES OF TEXTILES 120
Natural Fibers 121
Synthetic Fabrics 121
Blended Fabrics 121
MARKET SIZE OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN TEXTILES 122
TABLE 51 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN
TEXTILES, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 122
TABLE 52 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANTS USED IN TEXTILES BY
TYPE OF CHEMICAL, 2018 (%) 122
WOOD/PAPER 123
MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN WOOD/PAPER 123
TABLE 53 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN
WOOD AND PAPER, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 124
COATINGS/PAINTS 124
GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN COATINGS AND
PAINTS 125
TABLE 54 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN
PAINTS/COATINGS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 125
CONSTRUCTION/COATINGS 125
MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN CONSTRUCTION/PAINTS 126
TABLE 55 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN
CONSTRUCTION, THROUGH 2014 (MILLION LBS) 126
TABLE 56 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN
CONSTRUCTION BY REGION, 2018 (%) 127
DECORATIONS/OTHERS AND COATINGS 127
VALUE OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN COATINGS/DECORATIONS 128
TABLE 57 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN
COATINGS FOR DECORATIONS AND NEW USES, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 128
CHAPTER 6 LEADING COMPANIES IN FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 130
AKZO NOBEL N.V. NV 130
INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE COATINGS CORP. 130
ALBEMARLE CORP. 130
TABLE 58 ALBEMARLE'S MAJOR FLAME RETARDANT PRODUCT LINES 132
TABLE 59 ALBEMARLE CORP. KEY EXECUTIVES 133
ALMATIS GMBH 134
ALMATIS INC.. 134
AMCOL INTERNATIONAL CORP. 135
AMPACET CORP. 135
AMSPEC CHEMICAL CORP. 135
ARKEMA SA 136

ARKEMA INC. 136
BARRICADE INTERNATIONAL INC. 137
BASF SE 137
CIBA 137
BAYER AG 139
CHEMTURA CORP. 140
GREAT LAKES SOLUTIONS 140
TABLE 60 SELECT FLAME RETARDANT PRODUCT LINES FROM GREAT LAKES
SOLUTIONS (A CHEMTURA COMPANY) 141
CLARIANT AG 143
CLARIANT SPECIALTY CHEMICALS 143
DAIHACHI CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CO. LTD. 144
DOVER CHEMICAL CORP. 144
FREEPORT-MCMORAN COPPER AND GOLD INC. 145
CLIMAX MOLYBDENUM CO. 145
ICC INDUSTRIES INC. 146
INTERPLASTIC CORP. 146
ISRAEL CHEMICALS LTD. 147
AMERIBROM INC. (ICL-IP) 147
ICL PERFORMANCE PRODUCTS LP 147
DEAD SEA BROMINE GROUP LTD. 147
ISRAEL CHEMICALS LTD.- INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS (ICL-IP) 148
NANOCOR INC. 149
J.M. HUBER CORP. 150
HUBER ENGINEERED MATERIALS 150
KYOWA CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CO. LTD. 151
LANXESS 151
LHOIST SA 152
FRANKLIN INDUSTRIAL MINERALS 152
MARTIN MARIETTA MATERIALS INC. 153
MARTIN MARIETTA MAGNESIA SPECIALTIES LLC 153
NYACOL NANO TECHNOLOGIES INC. 154
OCCIDENTAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION. 154
OCCIDENTAL CHEMICAL CORPORATION. 154
RIO TINTO ALCAN CANADA LTD. 155
U.S. BORAX INC. 155
R.J. MARSHALL CO. 156
ROCKWOOD HOLDINGS INC. 157
ROCKWOOD CLAY ADDITIVES LTD./SOUTHERN CLAY PRODUCTS 157
ROCKWOOD CLAY ADDITIVES GMBH 157
SHERWIN-WILLIAMS CO. 158
SOLVAY RHODIA 158
SUPRESTA LLC 159
TOR MINERALS INTERNATIONAL INC. 160
TOSOH CORP. 160
TOSOH USA INC. 160
U.S. ANTIMONY SALES CORP. 161
VELSICOL CHEMICAL LLC 161
MISCELLANEOUS FLAME RETARDANT COMPANIES WORTHY OF SOME NOTE 162
APEX CHEMICAL CORP. 162
CHINA NATIONAL CHEMICAL CONSTRUCTION 162
CYTEC INDUSTRIES, INC. 162
DAIHACHI CHEMICAL INDUSTRY 163
DOW CHEMICAL CO. 163
DUPONT 163
ITALMATCH CHEMICALS SPA 163
NABALTEC 163
SAKAMOTO YAKUHIN KOGYO CO. LTD. 164

SPARTAN FLAME RETARDANTS 164
TATEHO CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES CO. LTD. 164
LIST OF TABLES
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 6
TABLE 1 ADDITIVES/MODIFIERS FOR CONTROLLING BURNING 12
TABLE 2 FLAME RETARDANTS AND GENERALLY ACCEPTED MECHANISMS OF
CONTROL 15
TABLE 3 ADDITIVES/MODIFIERS FOR CONTROL OF BURNING 16
TABLE 4 REPRESENTATIVE SYNERGISTIC FLAME RETARDANT COMBINATIONS (%) 18
TABLE 5 FLAME RETARDANTS AND PRODUCTS WHERE THEY ARE COMMONLY USED 19
TABLE 6 COMMON CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 20
TABLE 7 OXYGEN INDICES OF SOME COMMON MATERIALS 21
TABLE 8 CONE CALORIMETRY PARAMETERS AND VALUES 22
TABLE 9 UL-94 BURN TEST RATINGS 23
TABLE 10 NFPA GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS 35
TABLE 11 AGENCIES INVOLVED IN ESTABLISHING FLAME RETARDANT AND
PROTECTIVE STANDARDS 36
TABLE 12 EUROPEAN ORGANIZATIONS AND NETWORKS RELATED TO FIRES AND
FIRE MANAGEMENT 43
TABLE 13 ITEM FIRST IGNITED IN TYPICAL U.S. RESIDENTIAL FIRES (MARKET/%) 45
TABLE 14 CHEMICALS COMMONLY USED AS FLAME RETARDANTS 49
TABLE 15 SIGNIFICANT FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 50
TABLE 16 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS, THROUGH
2018 (MILLION LBS) 50
TABLE 17 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 53
TABLE 18 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2014 (MILLION LBS) 54
TABLE 19 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ANTIMONY OXIDE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION
LBS) 56
TABLE 20 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ANTIMONY OXIDE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 57
TABLE 21 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ANTIMONY OXIDE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 57
TABLE 22 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS IN
ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONICS COMPONENTS, 2013 (%) 58
TABLE 23 TYPES OF AROMATIC BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT COMPOUNDS 59
TABLE 24 SIGNIFICANT AROMATIC BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT
COMPOUNDS 59
TABLE 25 SIGNIFICANT TYPES OF ALIPHATIC BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT
COMPOUNDS 60
TABLE 26 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 61
TABLE 27 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT BROMINE-BASED
CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 62
TABLE 28 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 65
TABLE 29 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 67
TABLE 30 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 70
TABLE 31 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 71
TABLE 32 COMMON MELAMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 74
TABLE 33 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MELAMINE TYPE FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 75
TABLE 34 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MELAMINE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY
REGION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 76
TABLE 35 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF PHOSPHORUS-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS BY
END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 79
TABLE 36 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF PHOSPHORUS-BASED FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 80
TABLE 37 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF OTHER FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY
END USE, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 92
TABLE 38 MAJOR FLAME RETARDANTS AND THEIR APPLICATION 96
TABLE 39 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MAJOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS,
THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 96
TABLE 40 MAJOR MARKETS USING FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 97
TABLE 41 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY
APPLICATION MARKET, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 97
TABLE 42 RELATIVE PERCENTAGE OF FLAME RETARDANTS IN PLASTICS, 2013
(MILLION LBS) 98

TABLE 43 METHODS OF FLAME-RETARDING POLYMERS 99
TABLE 44 CRITERIA FOR SELECTING FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 100
TABLE 45 TYPES OF PLASTICS USING FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS 100
TABLE 46 GLOBAL FORECAST OF CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
USED IN PLASTICS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 101
TABLE 47 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS PRODUCT
MARKET USED IN POLYURETHANES, 2008 (%) 111
TABLE 48 PHOSPHORUS + NITROGEN-SYNERGY IN POLYURETHANES (%) 113
TABLE 49 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION PROJECTIONS OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICAL
PRODUCTS USED IN POLYVINYL CHLORIDES, 2014 (%) 114
TABLE 50 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION PROJECTIONS OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
IN STYRENES, 2018 (%) 116
TABLE 51 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN
TEXTILES, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 122
TABLE 52 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANTS USED IN TEXTILES BY
TYPE OF CHEMICAL, 2018 (%) 122
TABLE 53 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN
WOOD AND PAPER, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 124
TABLE 54 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN
PAINTS/COATINGS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 125
TABLE 55 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN
CONSTRUCTION, THROUGH 2014 (MILLION LBS) 126
TABLE 56 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN
CONSTRUCTION BY REGION, 2018 (%) 127
TABLE 57 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN
COATINGS FOR DECORATIONS AND NEW USES, THROUGH 2018 (MILLION LBS) 128
TABLE 58 ALBEMARLE'S MAJOR FLAME RETARDANT PRODUCT LINES 132
TABLE 59 ALBEMARLE CORP. KEY EXECUTIVES 133
TABLE 60 SELECT FLAME RETARDANT PRODUCT LINES FROM GREAT LAKES
SOLUTIONS (A CHEMTURA COMPANY) 141

LIST OF FIGURES
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS,
2008-2018 (MILLION LBS) 6
FIGURE 1 REACTIONS OF ANTIMONY TRIOXIDE WITH HALOGENS 55

To order this report: Flame Retardant Chemicals: Technologies and Global Markets
http://www.reportlinker.com/p01622606/Flame-Retardant-Chemicals-Technologies-and-Global-Markets.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Chemical

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