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article imageSierra Leone votes in delayed presidential run-off

By Philippe SIUBERSKI, Saidu Bah (AFP)     Mar 31, 2018 in World

Vote counting was under way in Sierra Leone Saturday after the final round of a delayed run-off presidential election, pitting the handpicked successor of the outgoing president against a former coup leader,

The election, the result of which is expected early next week, followed a campaign marked by verbal sparring, sporadic violence and a last-minute legal battle.

Challenger Julius Maada Bio of the opposition Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) held a narrow lead over the ruling All Peoples' Congress (APC) candidate Samura Kamara, a close ally of outgoing President Ernest Bai Koroma, after the first round of voting where turnout topped 80 percent.

There were early indications that turnout was lower on Saturday.

"I am disappointed with the voter turnout due to many armed military and police at polling centres," Bio, a former army officer who led a 1996 coup before handing power to a civilian administration, said as he voted in the capital Freetown.

- 'Fair, credible' -

But Bio, 53, said voting appeared peaceful and added he found the process to be "fair, transparent and credible".

He was credited with 43.3 percent to 42.7 for Kamara -- a margin of just 15,000 votes -- after the March 7 first round in the West African country where political loyalties are often divided along ethnic lines and traumatic memories of the 1991-2002 civil war run deep.

The government said the tight security was to ensure a peaceful poll but the opposition feared it could dissuade some supporters from turning out.

"I am put off by all these armed men around the polling stations," 19-year-old first time voter Mohamed Sesay told AFP.

Others resolved to make their voices heard.

"We are sure there is infrastructure development but the human development is zero. That's what I voted for," said engineer Lansana Idrissa Daramy.

Isatu Jalloh, a trader, added: "I voted for education, because most of our kids when they finish school, it's difficult for them to get jobs. So I want jobs and I want education," a subject which Bio says he will prioritise.

A total of 3.1 million people were registered to vote in the first presidential poll since a 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak which killed 4,000 people.

Also marring outgoing Koroma's decade-long tenure was a mudslide that struck the capital Freetown last year, killing hundreds of people.

International observers -- from the EU, African Union and the West African bloc ECOWAS -- were deployed throughout the country and were also monitoring the vote counting.

Challenger and former military coup leader Julius Maada Bio  seen voting in Freetown  held a wafer-t...
Challenger and former military coup leader Julius Maada Bio, seen voting in Freetown, held a wafer-thin lead over Samura Kamara of the ruling All Peoples' Congress after the first round

One of the world's poorest nations despite huge metals and diamond deposits, Sierra Leone is recovering only gradually from war and disease. Its economy remains in a fragile state with corruption widespread in the former British colony.

An economist by training, Kamara, 66, was foreign minister until last year when he stepped down to pursue the presidency under the APC flag, despite lacking strong party support.

He has promised to deliver improvements in health, education and infrastructure.

- 'Too close to call' -

A police officer stands guard outside a polling station
A police officer stands guard outside a polling station

"The race is too close to call," Edmond Abu, director of the Native Consortium and Research Center, told AFP on Friday.

The key to victory lies with whoever wins Kono, a diamond-rich district in the east of the country generally regarded as a "swing state," Abu said.

Andrew Lavalie, director of the Institute for Governance Reform, suggested the SLPP could do well in Kono and Freetown, pointing to a number of "protest" votes.

The runoff had been scheduled for last Tuesday but was delayed so the High Court could hear an APC complaint of ballot tampering.

The court lifted an injunction on Monday, but the National Electoral Commission said it needed four extra days for preparation.

Gearing for the vote: Ballot boxes in the Electoral Commission's warehouse near Freetown are pr...
Gearing for the vote: Ballot boxes in the Electoral Commission's warehouse near Freetown are prepared for distribution

Bio has blasted the government's closeness to China, while Kamara is presenting himself as a continuity candidate.

The campaign has been characterised by ugly verbal exchanges and sporadic violence with Bio accusing the APC of using police intimidation against his party.

Police have reported a string of attacks on candidates and supporters on both sides since the first round after which Kamara declared that "the safety and security of Sierra Leone is in our hands."

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