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article imageSecrets, threats and controversy: Month One of El Chapo trial

By Laura BONILLA (AFP)     Dec 8, 2018 in World

From documents under seal and accomplices with colorful nicknames to suspicions about his wife and surreal details about his high-flying lifestyle, the first month of the US trial of Mexican drug kingpin Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman has been loaded with twists and turns.

Here are a few key moments and news notes from the proceedings in a federal courtroom in Brooklyn, where the alleged Sinaloa cartel co-founder is facing 11 trafficking, firearms and money laundering charges.

The trial, which began on November 5 with jury selection, is expected to last four months. He stands accused of smuggling more than 155 tons of cocaine into the United States over a period of 25 years.

If convicted, the 61-year-old Guzman could spend the rest of his life behind bars in a maximum security US prison.

- Documents under seal -

The federal courthouse in Brooklyn is the scene of El Chapo's trial  but most of the documents ...
The federal courthouse in Brooklyn is the scene of El Chapo's trial, but most of the documents have been kept under wraps so far
Don EMMERT, AFP/File

Most of the trial documents have been kept under wraps: they are classified. Neither the media nor the public can access the motions or communications between the two sides and Judge Brian Cogan.

Prosecutors have justified the move by citing the security of the witnesses, who could be targets for payback doled out by El Chapo's inner circle.

They have asked the defense team's cross-examinations to be limited in scope, especially in terms of alleged kickbacks paid to the cartel by two former Mexican presidents.

Cogan has so far accepted most of the prosecution's requests, and rejected news media pleas for better access to the documents.

- Wife under fire -

The wife of Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman  Emma Coronel  has found herself at the center of so...
The wife of Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, Emma Coronel, has found herself at the center of some controversy during her husband's trial so far
DON EMMERT, AFP/File

El Chapo's wife, 29-year-old former beauty queen Emma Coronel, has been a star of the trial so far. She sits in the public gallery each day, smiling at her husband and bringing him fresh suits to wear.

Coronel's body-hugging wardrobe and stilettos have raised eyebrows.

Prosecutors are certainly watching her. Since Guzman's extradition to the United States in January 2017, she has been barred from visiting him and cannot speak to him on the telephone.

Only attorneys are allowed to use telephones in the courthouse.

Federal attorneys cried foul when it emerged that despite those bans, she allegedly used the cell phone of one of Guzman's attorneys in a courthouse cafeteria last month. Prosecutors said she could have used it to talk to her husband, though he is not believed to have access to a phone.

Cogan downplayed the incident, and accepted explanations that she was using the phone for translation purposes.

- Patron 'saint' of traffickers -

Attorneys for El Chapo said a mysterious statue of Jesus Malverde -- the so-called patron saint of drug traffickers, a gangster born in 1870 in Guzman's home state of Sinaloa who gave his ill-gotten gains to the poor -- appeared in the room next to their workroom.

A few days later, it was gone.

"Where is Jesus Malverde?" tweeted Eduardo Balarezo, Guzman's showy lawyer.

- Nicknames galore -

El Chapo's associates have colorful nicknames: Juan Carlos Ramirez Abadia -- seen here in pictu...
El Chapo's associates have colorful nicknames: Juan Carlos Ramirez Abadia -- seen here in pictures before and after plastic surgery, which were shown to jurors -- is known as "El Chupeta", or "Lollipop"
-, Brooklyn Federal Court/AFP/File

There must be an unspoken rule that drug traffickers and their associates must have nicknames. In a month of hearings, each one mentioned in court had a more colorful moniker.

Guzman, of course, is El Chapo, or "Shorty." He also goes by "Speedy" for his ability to get cocaine into the United States quickly.

Another of his nicknames is "The Architect," for dreaming up the networks of tunnels under the US-Mexico border that allowed him to get narcotics into the United States with ease.

Guzman's brother is called "El Pollo", or "The Chicken." The brother of his main associate within the Sinaloa cartel -- now a key witness for the prosecution -- is called The King.

Guzman's Colombian cocaine source? El Chupeta, or Lollipop. His pilot and manager of his dealings in Mexico? Fatty. His right-hand man? The Graduate, because he went to college.

Traffickers also use coded communications: "girls" means airplanes; "wine" is fuel for those planes; "shirts" means cocaine; "documents" means money, one witness -- "Fatty," whose real name is Miguel Angel Martinez, said in a deposition.

- Agent provocateur -

Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman's lead attorney Eduardo Balarezo is a colorful character
Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman's lead attorney Eduardo Balarezo is a colorful character
Don EMMERT, AFP/File

Balarezo, El Chapo's lead attorney, willingly stokes the fires of controversy.

On the stand, one witness explained that a certain song was a favorite of El Chapo, and when he heard it from his prison cell, he understood that El Chapo's associates would try to kill him that night.

What did Balarezo do? He tweeted a link to the song.

Prosecutors said the tweet was a threat to witnesses and jurors alike.

Balarezo has also taunted two former Mexican presidents: Enrique Pena Nieto, who just left office, and his predecessor Felipe Calderon.

"Tick tock," he said on Twitter -- an apparent hint that news about bribes they allegedly took from drug cartels could be mentioned at trial, and followed up on by Mexican authorities.

Twice during the trial so far, prosecutors have shown the court what several kilos of cocaine look like, for emphasis.

The second time, Balarezo picked it up. When prosecutors asked him to wear gloves, he shot back: "Right now, I need a pick-me-up."

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