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article imageRussia, Iran, Turkey to police Syria Idlib safe zone

By Dana Rysmuhamedova (AFP)     Sep 15, 2017 in World

Russia, Iran and Turkey struck a deal Friday to jointly police a fourth safe zone around Syria's Idlib province as part of a Moscow-led plan to ease the six-year conflict.

In a joint statement after two days of talks in Kazakhstan, the three powers said they agreed "to allocate" their forces to patrol the zone covering rebel-held Idlib province and parts of the neighbouring Latakia, Hama and Aleppo regions.

The talks in Astana, the Kazakh capital, are the sixth round of negotiations Moscow has spearheaded since the start of the year as it seeks to pacify Syria after its game-changing intervention on the side of leader Bashar al-Assad.

Regime backers Russia and Iran and rebel supporter Turkey agreed in May to set four "de-escalation zones" in rebel-held territory around Syria to halt fighting between the government and moderate opposition.

Since then Russia has forged ahead with establishing three of the zones on the ground by deploying military police to patrol the boundaries of safe areas in the south of Syria, in Eastern Ghouta near Damascus, and in part of the central Homs province.

- 'Final stage' -

The Syria talks in Astana  co-sponsored by regime backers Russia and Iran -- though Moscow is the ke...
The Syria talks in Astana, co-sponsored by regime backers Russia and Iran -- though Moscow is the key driving force -- have reached a deal to police a fourth safe zone via joint deployment of "de-escalation control forces" covering the contentious Idlib province bordering Turkey

However, the three powers had struggled to agree the details of the final zone around Idlib on the border with Turkey, as Ankara and Tehran vied to expand their influence.

Idlib was captured in 2015 by an alliance of jihadists and rebels and remains beyond the control of the government.

The statement Friday said Russian, Iranian and Turkish forces would be deployed according to maps agreed earlier this month in Ankara, the Turkish capital, but gave no further details of their exact positions or the timing.

A joint Russia-Turkish-Iranian coordination centre will be set up "aimed at coordinating the activities of de-escalation forces", the joint declaration said.

Russia's chief negotiator Alexander Lavrentyev hailed the deal as the "final stage" in the creation of the four safe zones, insisting it would "create a real path to the cessation of bloodshed" and offer hope for "a return to peaceful life".

Nevertheless, Lavrentyev, acknowledged there remains a "long journey ahead to strengthen trust" between Assad's government and the armed opposition, both of whom sent delegations to the negotiations.

Regime representative Bashar al-Jaafari said Damascus "supports any initiative in Syria that stops the shedding of Syrian blood and decreases suffering".

A statement on its Facebook page said that the armed opposition noted that no "monitoring mechanism" had been agreed for the new zone in Idlib.

"Assad's forces or militias will not be present in any area or part of the de-escalation zones and will not have a role in our liberated zones," the statement said.

- 'Bring the momentum' -

It is hoped civilians will be able to "return to peaceful life" in Idlib
It is hoped civilians will be able to "return to peaceful life" in Idlib
Omar haj kadour, AFP/File

On the ground the "de-escalation zones" have already seen fighting drop and allowed Damascus and Moscow to turn more of their firepower against jihadists from the Islamic State group.

The participants agreed to a fresh round of talks in Astana in October.

The United Nations envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura called to "bring the momentum of Astana" to broader talks on finding a political solution to the war that the UN has hosted without much success in Geneva.

"No de-escalation can be sustained without a comprehensive political process, and that is based in Geneva," he said.

Some observers have viewed the Astana process as a means for Russia, Iran and Turkey to keep the West on the sidelines of any resolution to the Syrian conflict that has already led to the loss of over 330,000 lives.

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