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article imageMaduro rejects call for elections amid mounting pressure

By Maria Isabel SANCHEZ (AFP)     Jan 27, 2019 in World

Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro on Sunday rejected a European ultimatum that he call elections as opposition rival Juan Guaido stepped up appeals to the military to turn against the leftist government.

Spain, Britain, France, Netherlands and Germany warned Saturday they will recognize Guaido as interim president unless Maduro calls elections within eight days. Greece's left-wing ruling Syriza party, however, voiced full support for Maduro.

"They should withdraw this ultimatum. No one can give us an ultimatum," Maduro told CNN Turk in an interview dubbed into Turkish from Spanish.

"Venezuela is not tied to Europe. This is complete insolence," Maduro added, as he described the European countries' actions as a "mistake."

Pope Francis, winding up a trip to Panama, said Sunday he was praying that "a just and peaceful solution is reached to overcome the crisis, respecting human rights."

Guaido, the 35-year-old head of the opposition-controlled National Assembly, declared himself acting president at a massive anti-government rally in Caracas Wednesday, contending that Maduro's reelection to a second six-year term was fraudulent.

The United States, Canada and many Latin American countries which had refused to recognize Maduro's May 2018 re-election immediately endorsed Guaido as the interim president, setting up the tense showdown in crisis-torn Venezuela.

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro  pictured in Caracas on January 25  2019  says he is 'open ...
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, pictured in Caracas on January 25, 2019, says he is 'open to dialogue'
YURI CORTEZ, AFP/File

Maduro has received support from Russia, Syria, Turkey and China as well as longtime allies Cuba and Bolivia.

In the interview with CNN Turk, Maduro accused the US of mounting a coup attempt against him -- a regular refrain -- and insisted Guaido was "violating the constitution."

"All that is happening is linked to America. They are attacking us and they think Venezuela is their back garden," Maduro said.

Although he professed himself "open to dialogue," he acknowledged it was unlikely. "I sent many messages to Donald Trump," he said.

- Appeals to the military -

Opposition supporters cast a shadow as they walk to the headquarters of the Bolivarian National Guar...
Opposition supporters cast a shadow as they walk to the headquarters of the Bolivarian National Guard to distribute copies of amnesty measures for anyone in the military who disavows President Nicolas Maduro, in Caracas on January 27, 2019
Yuri CORTEZ, AFP

In Washington, Republican Senator Marco Rubio, considered a key architect of the US policy on Venezuela, played down the possibility of a military intervention despite his and Trump's warnings earlier in the week that "all options are on the table."

"I don't know of anyone calling for military intervention," Rubio said.

"What I'm calling for is for the constitution to be followed. For military officials in Venezuela to follow and uphold the constitution they swore allegiance to."

Guaido has aimed his appeals at the Venezuelan military, with promises of amnesty and mass protests to dramatize the depth of popular opposition to Maduro who has presided over a virtual collapse of the economy and a worsening humanitarian crisis.

The military has thus far been the most important pillar of support for leftist regime, which was ushered into power more than 20 years ago by the late Hugo Chavez.

The first major military officer to publicly switch his support to Guaido was Venezuela's military attache in Washington, Army Colonel Jose Luis Silva.

In a video posted online Saturday Silva urged "my brothers in the national armed forces" to recognize Guaido "as the only legitimate president," in accordance with Venezuela's constitution.

Members of the Bolivarian National Guard stand guard near the main entrance of the forces' head...
Members of the Bolivarian National Guard stand guard near the main entrance of the forces' headquarters in Caracas as Guaido supporters distribute copies of amnesty measures for anyone in the military who disavows President Nicolas Maduro, on January 27, 2019
Yuri CORTEZ, AFP

He said the constitution did not allow the military "to attack our equals, our brothers... Don't forget comrade commander, captain, everyone in a command position -- we cannot nor should we attack the people."

At a Caracas rally the Guaido said he would announce a date for "a grand march," and called on supporters to circulate copies of amnesty measures approved by the National Assembly to friends and relatives in the military.

Some 29 people have been killed and more than 350 people have been detained in clashes this week between anti-Maduro activists and security forces.

- US vs Russia -

Confrontations between anti-Maduro activists and security forces have been deadly at times
Confrontations between anti-Maduro activists and security forces have been deadly at times
LUIS ROBAYO, AFP/File

At a special UN Security Council session Saturday, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo described Maduro as part of an "illegitimate mafia state" responsible for Venezuela's economic collapse.

Pompeo urged nations to end financial transactions with Maduro's government, which has struggled to pay bills despite the country's oil wealth.

He accused Russia and China of "propping up a failed regime in the hopes of recovering billions of dollars in ill-considered investments and assistance made over the years".

Russia denounced the United States for interference.

"Venezuela does not pose any threat to peace and security. The intention of the United States is to orchestrate a coup d'etat," said Russia's UN ambassador Vassily Nebenzia.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov, meanwhile, on Sunday denied reports that 400 members of a private Russian military group were in Venezuela to protect Maduro.

"Of course not," Russian news agencies quoted him as saying, "Fear has big eyes."

- Diplomatic impasse -

Venezuela  Maduro vs Guaido
Venezuela, Maduro vs Guaido
Vincent LEFAI, AFP

Maduro earlier gave US diplomats until late Saturday to leave Venezuela.

Washington said it was ignoring the order as it no longer considered Maduro the president -- but withdrew non-essential staff and argued that Maduro still bore responsibility for diplomats' safety.

As the deadline expired, Maduro said he had begun negotiations to set up within 30 days an Interests Section in Caracas to maintain a minimum level of diplomatic contact, similar to the arrangement the US had with Cuba until their 2015 rapprochement.

"We have no plans to close the embassy," a State Department official said Sunday. "Our priority remains the safety and protection of our personnel and US citizens overseas.

"Interim President Guaido has invited the US mission to remain in Venezuela. We will continue to evaluate the situation on the ground and determine appropriate action," the official said.

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