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article imageIndian activist Carter Camp dies

By Layne Weiss     Jan 2, 2014 in World
Oklahoma City - Carter Camp, an American Indian activist, died Thursday, December 27, in White Eagle, Oklahoma, his sister, Casey Camp-Horineck says. He was 72.
Camp-Horineck says that her brother Carter, a leader in the Wounded Knee occupation in South Dakota, had been ill with cancer for the past year, The Associated Press reports.
Carter Camp was a member of the Ponca Tribe of Oklahoma and a longtime member of the American Indian Movement. His sister, Casey Camp-Horineck, said Carter organized more than 30 American Indian Movement chapters in his home state of Oklahoma.
The American Indian Movement was founded in in the late 1960s to challenge the US Government's unfair treatment of American Indians and require the government to honor its treaties with Indian tribes.
Carter Camp was a leader in 1972's Trail of Broken Treaties, in which a caravan of Native American activists traveled across the United States to Washington, DC to protest the treaties between tribes and the federal government, taking over the Bureau of Indian Affairs for "several" days.
In 1973, Camp, along with fellow AIM leaders Russell Means and Dennis Banks, went to South Dakota and staged the Wounded Knee uprising, a 71-day siege with saw many gun battles with federal officers. Russell Means died in 2012 at the age of 72.
Casey Camp Horineck said her brother "was the only person in (a) leadership position in Wounded Knee who never left Wounded Knee, not to go out and do press junkets, not to go and sit in a hotel for a while. None of that. He was a war leader there. He stayed inside with his warriors."
Several American Indian leaders went on trial for the events that transpired at Wounded Knee, but Carter Camp was the only one to ever serve time. He spent two years in prison in Leavenworth, Kansas for assaulting a postal inspector. Casey Camp-Horineck disputes this charge.
In recent years, Carter Camp had turned his attention to the Keystone XL pipeline, which he staunchly opposed.
Camp was told nearly a year ago that his cancer had metastasized into lungs, kidney, and liver and that he only had a few months to live, but Casey Camp-Horineck says her brother's "strength of spirit" allowed him to participate in a sun dance, a sacred religious ceremony, in South Dakota just last summer.
Casey Camp-Horineck, 65, said her brother will be remembered as "a warrior, a spiritual leader and a kind family man."
"As a sister, what I remember is kindness, a big brother who sat on the porch and read the Sunday papers ... who made popcorn and fudge and had an arm around my shoulders — in the physical sense and the other sense of always being there for me," she said.
More about carter camp, Wounded knee, ponca tribe of oklahoma, American indian movement, Activist
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