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article imageIn Jerusalem, Christians mark a sombre Easter

By Claire Gounon and Hiba Aslan (AFP)     Apr 10, 2020 in World

Eggs on the table and a toy rabbit on the dresser -- with a few decorations, Palestinian Christian Sawsan Bitar attempts to salvage some normality from an Easter overshadowed by coronavirus.

In the Christian quarter of Jerusalem's Old City that Bitar calls home, roads are deserted and most shops have been closed for two weeks.

All cultural sites in the Holy Land are shuttered, regardless of their religious affiliation, as authorities seek to forestall the spread of the deadly respiratory disease.

Christians will be prevented from congregating for the Easter service, whether this coming Sunday -- as in the case of Bitar and fellow Catholics -- or a week later on April 19 in the case of the Orthodox.

Despite wars and uprisings, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, built on the site where most Christians believe Jesus was crucified and resurrected, has not been closed over Easter for at least a century, according to Palestinian historian Johnny Mansour.

The Sepulchre is considered the holiest site in Christianity, but Friday's morning mass was celebrated behind closed doors.

Usually thousands mark Jesus's crucifixion on Good Friday with a procession marking the 14 Stations of the Cross, the route Christians believe Jesus walked while carrying his cross before being put to death.

Franciscan friars pray at the First Station of the Cross under the watchful gaze of an Israeli polic...
Franciscan friars pray at the First Station of the Cross under the watchful gaze of an Israeli policeman as they retrace Jesus's route through Jerusalem's Old City to his place of crucifixion in a ritual that normally draws thousands of pilgrims
Emmanuel DUNAND, AFP

But this year, only four faithful retraced his footsteps under the watchful eye of Israeli police, with the narrow cobbled streets of the old City largely deserted.

Police were out in large numbers monitoring and enforcing the country's strict social distancing rules.

Officers handed out a fine to one journalist who was not respecting the two-metre distancing rule, AFP journalists at the scene said.

Bitar, who is in her sixties, finds it "depressing" she will not be able to celebrate Easter in church.

Israel -- which occupied east Jerusalem in the Six-Day War of 1967 and later annexed it in a move never recognised by the internatonal community -- has confirmed more than 10,000 coronavirus infections, with 92 dead.

On the Palestinian side, more than 250 cases have been confirmed, with one death.

Jerusalem is usually the vibrant heart of world Easter celebrations.

Last year, more than 25,000 people gathered near the Holy Sepulchre to attend Palm Sunday mass, which marks the start of Easter week.

- Online mass -

Easter mass is to be broadcast live from the Church of the Holy Sepulchre on Sunday but just six mon...
Easter mass is to be broadcast live from the Church of the Holy Sepulchre on Sunday but just six monks will actually be present because of social distancing regulations
Emmanuel DUNAND, AFP

"But despite the difficult circumstances, there can be positives," said Ibrahim Shomali, spokesman for the Latin Patriarchate in Jerusalem.

This Sunday, Easter mass will be broadcast on television and on social networks.

Only six monks will be present in the church, Shomali said.

Watching the mass online will be the only way Francis Gharfah will celebrate Easter this year.

A Palestinian from east Jerusalem, he left his usual decorations in their boxes and chose not to prepare traditional pastries.

"The situation is dramatic," he told AFP, saying he fears for his job at an NGO due to the virus.

He was "very touched" by the images of Pope Francis celebrating Palm Sunday in an empty Saint Peter's Basilica, accompanied only by a few religious men and women -- each of them perched on separate benches.

"People are thirsty for spirituality," said Shomali, who finds great solace in a "return of faith" in this dark time.

Bitar attempts to remain upbeat.

"Everything happens for a reason. I hope that we will be different people, that we will appreciate things differently" once the coronavirus crisis ends.

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre  which is built on the site where most Christians believe Jesus was...
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which is built on the site where most Christians believe Jesus was crucified and resurrected, has not been closed over Easter for at least a century, according to Palestinian historian Johnny Mansour
Ahmad GHARABLI, AFP

To mark this Easter, Bitar laid out a cloth printed with small yellow chicks and multi-coloured eggs at the entrance to her home.

Her family has created an improvised photo studio, her daughter and grandchildren squeezing into pictures surrounded by a rabbit and flowers.

But all the photos in the world will not be the same as attending church for Easter.

"We live five minutes from the Holy Sepulchre and we cannot go there," she said sadly.

"It breaks my heart."

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