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article imageUnder-fire Putin briefs Trump over Ukraine as EU leaders up pressure

By Jan DÖRNER, Maria PANINA (AFP)     Dec 1, 2018 in Politics

Russian President Vladimir Putin said he briefed his US counterpart Donald Trump on the Ukraine crisis Saturday as he came under pressure over Moscow's robust foreign policy at the G20 summit in Argentina.

Putin said he explained Moscow's position when the leaders met briefly at a summit dinner.

"We spoke standing up. I replied to his questions about the incident in the Black Sea," Putin told reporters at the end of the summit.

Putin strode into the summit on Friday under a cloud, having drawn outrage from Europe over last Sunday's incident in which his navy detained Ukrainian ships and 24 sailors -- causing Trump to abruptly cancel their scheduled meeting.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel took him to task at length Saturday over the naval spat, a day after French President Emmanuel Macron urged Putin to "de-escalate" the crisis.

Merkel used breakfast with Putin on the sidelines of the G20 summit to voice her "concern" over the tensions in the Kerch Strait off Russian-annexed Crimea.

"Of course, we talked about the situation in the Sea of Azov, because it is important to avoid any aggravation," Merkel said in Buenos Aires.

Vladimir Putin was one of several world leaders - including India's Prime Minister Narendra Mod...
Vladimir Putin was one of several world leaders - including India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi (L) - at the G20 Summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina
Mikhael Klimentyev, SPUTNIK/AFP

Macron raised his concerns with the Russian leader at one of his first bilateral meetings, pressing him "to make the necessary gestures so that there is a de-escalation," said a French official.

Both European countries are members of the "Normandy Four" group with Moscow and Kiev, set up to resolve the conflict in eastern Ukraine involving Russian-backed rebels.

Merkel said she had also discussed Syria with Putin, "especially ... the Idlib region," where a fragile ceasefire has been negotiated between rebels and Syrian army forces backed by Moscow.

Her main focus, however, was on the situation in Ukraine.

"I want to make it quite clear, though, that free shipping to the Sea of Azov must be guaranteed to the Ukrainian coasts and cities. There is a basic contractual agreement from 2003 on this. Russia must comply with this basis," she said.

Away from the summit, US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said Moscow had shown "brazen contempt" for a deal "that allowed both Russian and Ukrainian ships free passage."

- 'Exhaustive explanations'-

Russia's President Vladimir Putin (L) reportedly drew a map of the Kerch Strait off Crimea at a...
Russia's President Vladimir Putin (L) reportedly drew a map of the Kerch Strait off Crimea at a meeting with President Emmanuel Macron to support his claim that Ukrainian ships had intruded into Russian waters
Mikhael Klimentyev, SPUTNIK/AFP

On Saturday Putin -- who has praised his navy for defending Russian territory -- "provided exhaustive explanations on this incident in the Black Sea, explaining everything in detail, in exactly the same manner as yesterday during his meeting with the French president," Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told Interfax.

Friday's version entailed Putin drawing a map for Macron of the Kerch Strait, to buttress his position that the seized Ukrainian ships had intruded into Russian waters -- a claim denied by Kiev.

"Putin took out a sheet of paper and sketched out the sea and the strait and tried to explain to the president the route the Ukrainian ships had taken through neutral, then territorial, waters," an aide to Macron told journalists.

Russian forces boarded and captured three Ukrainian ships  with Moscow accusing the vessels of illeg...
Russian forces boarded and captured three Ukrainian ships, with Moscow accusing the vessels of illegally entering Russian waters off the coast of Crimea in the Kerch Straight despite warnings from a border gaurd ship

According to the aide, Putin's detailed description of the incident took about 10 minutes.

As for Macron, "the main message that he passed on is really that of a de-escalation," the aide said.

Far from offering comforting words, Putin said at a post-summit press conference he saw no end in sight to the four-year conflict in eastern Ukraine "as long as the current Ukrainian authorities remain in power."

"The current Ukrainian authorities have no interest in resolving the conflict, especially by peaceful means," he said.

The November 25 incident in the contested Kerch Strait -- which connects the Black Sea with the Sea of Azov -- was the first open military confrontation between Kiev and Moscow since Russia's annexation of Crimea in 2014.

Kiev has demanded the return of its ships and the release of 24 sailors taken prisoner during the confrontation.

Merkel said Germany had suggested a meeting of the Normandy group to discuss the crisis.

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