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article imageCharlie Hebdo victims added to journalist memorial

By Rob Lever (AFP)     Jun 6, 2016 in World

Eight journalists killed in the 2015 attack on French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo had their names added Monday to a US memorial honoring reporters killed in the exercise of their profession.

The memorial wall at the Newseum, a Washington museum of news and journalism, added the names of 20 people killed last year, as a reminder of the threats faced by journalists in many parts of the world.

Also honored were two US television journalists shot to death on live TV and reporters, bloggers and camera operators killed in Bangladesh, Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq, Mexico, Pakistan, Somalia, Turkey and Syria.

The ceremony came in the wake of the weekend death of American journalist David Gilkey and his Afghan translator covering the conflict in Afghanistan, the latest somber reminder of the risks run by journalists.

Newseum president and chief executive Jeffrey Herbst told a ceremony that these 20 were just a fraction of the reporters who lost their lives in 2015.

Accolades poured in June 6 for veteran American reporter David Gilkey (R) and Afghan reporter Zabihu...
Accolades poured in June 6 for veteran American reporter David Gilkey (R) and Afghan reporter Zabihullah Tamanna (L) who were killed in southern Afghanistan when their vehicle came under Taliban fire
Monika Evstatieva, NPR/AFP

According to the press watchdog Reporters Without Borders (RSF), a total of 110 journalists were killed around the world last year.

With the annual rededication, Herbst said, "we seek to remind our society and societies across the world of the sacrifice and also... what has to be done to promote an informed society."

"Governments, rebel groups, insurgents now all recognize that control of information is important and thus they kill and intimidate journalists and bloggers in hope of furthering their cause," he told the ceremony.

Herbst said that 2015 "was an especially tragic year for journalists, and that is why we selected 20, a much higher number than usual, to represent all of those killed."

- 'Deeply rooted' values -

France's US ambassador Gerard Araud told the audience that the attack on Charlie Hebdo by Islamist gunmen in January 2015 "showed us why we so ardently defend the right to speak and to draw without censorship."

Araud added that "defending a free and independent press is deeply rooted in our respective cultures and protected by our founding texts" and that the fight for a free press is inextricably tied to broader security issues.

TV reporter Alison Parker (L) and cameraman Adam Ward (R)  who were killed by a disgruntled former r...
TV reporter Alison Parker (L) and cameraman Adam Ward (R), who were killed by a disgruntled former reporter while conducting a live interview in Virginia, were also included in the memorial
, WDBJ7-TV/AFP/File

"Defending the press means today fighting Daesh," he said, using an Arabic acronym for the Islamic State group.

"To thwart attacks on journalists and others means participating in the coalition against terrorism, to thwart those who work to undermine our values," Araud said.

Those honored at the ceremony Monday included Charlie Hebdo's Stephane Charbonnier, Georges Wolinski, Jean Cabut, Elsa Cayat, Philippe Honore, Bernard Maris, Mustapha Ourrad and Bernard Verlhac.

Also included were TV reporter Alison Parker and cameraman Adam Ward, killed by a disgruntled former reporter while conducting a live interview in Virginia.

Others whose names were added were:

- Ibrahim Abd al-Qader and Fares Hamadi, two Syrian online journalists killed in Turkey after being lured to an interview with a purported Islamic State defector.

- Avijit Roy, a Bangladeshi-American blogger, killed with his wife by machete-wielding attackers in Dhaka.

- Gleydson Carvalho of Brazil's Radio Liberdade, killed by gunmen at his radio station.

- Soleil Balanga, a radio journalist slain in a knife attack in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

- Yahya Abdul Hamid, an Iraqi radio reporter kidnapped and killed after the Islamic State group overtook Mosul.

- Mexican photojournalist Ruben Espinosa Becerril, found dead after covering a crackdown on student protesters.

- Zaman Mehsud, a Pakistani journalist covering the conflict-torn Waziristan region, shot by gunmen on a motorcycle.

- Somali journalist Hindia Haji Mohamed, killed in a car bomb three years after taking over for her husband who died in a suicide bombing.

- Kenji Goto, a Japanese video journalist and writer executed by IS in Syria, where he traveled in an attempt to rescue a friend kidnapped by the organization.

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