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article imageBrazil transfers inmates from seething gangland prison

By Johannes MYBURGH, with Damian WROCLAVSKY in Brasilia (AFP)     Jan 18, 2017 in World

Brazilian authorities on Wednesday started transferring some inmates from a prison wracked by deadly gang violence for days, as troops were mobilized elsewhere to help confront a broad crisis in the overcrowded penitentiary system.

Elite officers entered the Alcacuz prison near the northern city of Natal to start the process, AFP journalists saw.

Brazil prison violence
Brazil prison violence
, AFP

The facility has been the scene of gruesome violence between two rival gangs since the weekend, when 26 inmates were massacred, most of them beheaded.

"We are going to carry out this transfer as carefully as possible, respecting all security issues," a spokesman for the state police, local mayor Eduardo Franco, told reporters.

Four buses were brought in to take away prisoners who were members of one of the gangs. Three of the buses arrived with inmates from other facilities that were to be put in the vacated cells.

Women relatives of inmates set makeshift barricades on fire in protest for the transfer of some 200 ...
Women relatives of inmates set makeshift barricades on fire in protest for the transfer of some 200 prisoners from the Alcacuz Penitentiary Center to other prisons in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil on January 18, 2017
ANDRESSA ANHOLETE, AFP

Wives and girlfriends of some of the prisoners being taken away tried to block the road but were dispersed when police fired rubber bullets.

The prisoner transfer underlined the tinderbox climate within Brazil's prison system, in which 134 people have been killed in prison violence this year according to the Folha de Sao Paulo newspaper, citing justice ministry figures.

- 'National emergency' -

Authorities are accused of long having allowed gangs to run the jails, which are filled well beyond their intended capacity.

A National Security helicopter overflies the Alcacuz Penitentiary Center where members of the specia...
A National Security helicopter overflies the Alcacuz Penitentiary Center where members of the special police battalion entered to regain control of the penitentiary in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, on January 18, 2017
ANDRESSA ANHOLETE, AFP

In a bid to wrest back control, the government on Wednesday said it was deploying 1,000 troops to "clean out" arms, explosives and cellphones from various cellblocks in the country.

Defense Minister Raul Jungmann, who called the situation a "national emergency," said the soldiers "will only enter when the risk of rioting is minimal or nonexistent.... The armed forces are not going to confront these groups."

The troops, who include teams used during last year's Olympic Games in Rio, don't have the constitutional authority to take control of the prisons, only to confiscate dangerous contraband items.

Brazilian police had stormed the Alcacuz prison early Sunday to halt the bloodbath, but were still not in full control three days later.

Inside, the situation remained volatile as inmates from the rival drug gangs, the Sao Paulo-based First Capital Command (PCC), the country's biggest drug-trafficking group, and the Rio de Janeiro-based Red Command, squared off across a 50-meter (-yard) courtyard.

Members of the special police battalion are seen at the Alcacuz Penitentiary Center where they enter...
Members of the special police battalion are seen at the Alcacuz Penitentiary Center where they entered to regain control of the penitentiary in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, on January 18, 2017
ANDRESSA ANHOLETE, AFP

Officers had entered the facility earlier Wednesday -- amid inmates lighting fires and chanting -- with the aim of keeping the two sides separate while the transfer operation was prepared.

"We want those from the PCC to go to another state," an inmate had told AFP by telephone earlier. "We won't rest until (the authorities) take them away from here."

The uprising was tied to a turf war over control of cocaine trafficking within Brazil.

- Fear of attacks -

The rise of gang violence in the prisons and the increasingly tough measures to quell it raised anxiety in the public of a return to organized criminal action in Brazilian cities in towns.

A repeat of a May 2006 offensive by the PCC in Sao Paulo, the economic heart of the country, was especially feared.

Over three days, the gang launched some 200 attacks on police stations and cars, resulting in 90 deaths.

The subsequent ripple of terror triggered school, public transport and office closures, leaving the streets of the metropolis nearly deserted.

Other, more disparate and smaller attacks followed. In all, more than 500 people were killed, including police officers, PCC members and bystanders.

Walter Maierovitch, who served as a senior counternarcotics official in 1999, the latest prison crisis was the result of authorities essentially leaving gangs to charge of the penitentiaries.

"The government has always acts when the horse has already bolted. It left the prisons in the hands of organized criminals," he said.

Brazil has the fourth biggest prison population in the world, with 622,000 inmates.

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