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article imageSiberia becoming global warming capital

By Ryan Hite     May 28, 2014 in Environment
Siberia is associated around the world with the very cold but it is quickly becoming the capital of global warming, a distinguished Russian meteorological authority named Valentin Meleshko said.
The impacts will include even more snow in the winter leading to excessive flooding in late spring and early summer, as seen last year in the devastating submerging of vast tracts of the Far East of Russia.
The process of warming in Siberia is faster than elsewhere and it is not just hypothesis, there is data and evidence to prove it. Siberia is warming faster and more extreme than any other place in the world,' Mr Meleshko told one local paper.
Forecasts predict that if this continues at the same rate 'in 20-to-40 years there could be no ice in Arctic in the summer time.
If we use our models, scientists note, we can make a very large series of calculations. And we see the strong signal that the warming is coming. It is not just a hypothesis, we are proving this with our models. The fact is that the ice cover in the Arctic will reduce and even disappear in summer time.
Large areas of open water in Kara, Barents, Laptev and East-Siberian seas give conisderable warmth and rapid rates of vapor.
It is transferred by air currents to Siberia and Far East. The humidity levels are also growing. Absolutely, all the forecasts on all complicated physical models show that Siberia will get more precipitation. Mostly in winter, when more snow will accumulate. It will naturally melt in spring and the melting snow will give more water to rivers, and the already large floods in Siberia will be more intense than before. Climate variability grows as the climate changes, and it is up to us to conduct more studies to be able to predict new and rapidly different weather patterns.
Generally, we all are not so interested in the fact that the global temperature changed 0.5 degrees; but scientists are very keen to understand new patterns of droughts and heavy rainfalls.
One particular note has urgent and far-reaching implications for northern regions of Siberia at the permafrost belt.
"I can say for sure that there is a constant and permanent slow thawing of the permafrost," said Professor Meleshko.
'The border of the permafrost by the 2050, 2060 will move north by about 100 or so miles.. The process is quote slow, but it is already underway.
It might seem minute to some, but it is very significant to scientists. There are already shifts and dips in the ground that has resulted in some buildings getting destroyed. The land needs to be treated with greater attention because of the fragility of the land.
More about Siberia, Global warming, Climate change
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