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The blue sheen on the leaves of some begonias hold the key to improving energy efficiency, at the levels of the nanoscale. Researchers have discovered that chloroplasts have evolved a nanoscale light-trapping structure.

Hungary's top opposition paper sold to government ally

A Hungarian firm with close government links said Tuesday it has bought the publisher of the country's top opposition newspaper Nepszabadsag, whose recent unexpected closure has sparked fears of growing state control of the media.

Director says Moscow cinemas barred N.Korea film

Russian documentary director Vitaly Mansky said Tuesday that eight Moscow cinemas have refused to show his acclaimed documentary shot in Pyongyang after it sparked anger in North Korea.

Turkey police torture detainees under post-coup emergency: HRW

Human Rights Watch on Tuesday said Turkey's state of emergency amounted to giving "a blank cheque" for police to torture, abuse or threaten people detained after the failed coup.

Venezuela lawmakers vote for political trial of president

Venezuela's opposition-majority legislature voted on Tuesday to open a political trial against President Nicolas Maduro, who is resisting efforts to remove him from power in a volatile political crisis.

Venezuela opposition seeks unity in anti-Maduro push

Venezuela's divided opposition sought unity Tuesday in its bid to oust President Nicolas Maduro, after several top opponents rejected a proposal by Pope Francis for talks as playing into the leftist leader's hands.

UN refusal to recognize role in Haiti cholera a 'debacle': expert

The United Nations' refusal to recognize its legal responsiblity for Haiti's cholera epidemic is a debacle that must be turned into a success story, a UN expert said Tuesday.

Six to be tried in France over topless Kate photos

Six reporters, photographers and media chiefs are to be tried in France for invasion of privacy over topless photos of Britain's Duchess of Cambridge published in 2012, judicial sources said Tuesday.

Coalition huddles as forces inch towards Mosul

Iraqi forces were inching to within striking distance of eastern Mosul Tuesday as coalition defence chiefs gathered in Paris agreed to also take on the jihadist's Syrian bastion of Raqa.

Slovakia bans far-right train patrols targeting Roma

The Slovak parliament on Tuesday outlawed vigilante train patrols by a far-right party that had targeted the EU member's large Roma minority.

Bosnian Serbs criticised for awarding war criminals

The Council of Europe on Tuesday criticised authorities of Bosnian Serb-run entity Republika Srpska (RS) over a decision to honour three convicted war criminals, including wartime political leader Radovan Karadzic."The decision...

Vatican tells Catholics not to scatter ashes of the dead

The Vatican on Tuesday urged Catholics not to scatter the ashes of the dead after cremation and instead to store them in places approved by the Church.

Azerbaijan sentences youth activist to 10 years in prison

Azerbaijan on Tuesday sentenced a pro-democracy activist to 10 years in prison as the ex-Soviet state faces growing criticism over its crackdown on dissent.

Hungary summons Russian envoy over 'degrading' uprising remarks

Budapest summoned Moscow's ambassador Tuesday after Russian state TV made what Hungary called "degrading" remarks about its 1956 uprising against Soviet communist rule.

Italian navy officers probed over 2013 migrant shipwreck

An Italian naval commander and several other officers are under investigation for manslaughter over a migrant boat shipwreck in 2013.The Italian navy confirmed the probe, led by Rome prosecutors, to AFP on Tuesday but refused to comment further.

Germany scraps 'Armenia genocide' symphony in Turkey consulate

Germany's foreign ministry Tuesday scrapped a planned symphony performance on the Armenian "genocide" in its Istanbul consulate, sparking accusations that it was caving in to Turkish pressure.

UN awaits response from Yemen rebels to peace roadmap

The UN envoy for Yemen on Tuesday presented a proposal to the Huthi rebels and their allies on advancing prospects for peace as protests marred the final day of his talks in Sanaa.

Turkey tells US to extradite coup suspect or hurt ties

Turkish Justice Minister Bekir Bozdag on Tuesday urged Washington to extradite the alleged July coup mastermind Fethullah Gulen to avoid damaging bilateral ties, comparing him to slain Al-Qaeda chief Osama Bin Laden.

Man's message in a bottle found far away and 50 years later

A New Hampshire man wrote out a brief note, stuffed it into a coke bottle and threw it into the ocean over five decades ago. It has now been found in sand - on a Caribbean beach a long ways away.

'Caliphate' survivors recount fleeing clutches of IS

Their escape from jihadist rule was gruelling and their new living conditions hardly better, but the Iraqis fleeing south of Mosul are only the first of a feared massive exodus.

Brazil 1970 skipper Carlos Alberto dies at 72

Carlos Alberto Torres, captain of the great Brazil team that won the 1970 World Cup, died on Tuesday of a heart attack in Rio de Janeiro at the age of 72, Brazil's Sportv, for whom he worked, announced.

'Groundwork' being laid for 'isolation' of Raqa: US

The US-led coalition is "laying the groundwork" for the "isolation" of Raqa, the Islamic State group stronghold in Syria, US Defence Secretary Ashton Carter said Tuesday.

Russia says halt in Aleppo bombing will be extended

Moscow said Tuesday that Russian and Syrian warplanes have not conducted any air strikes on the city of Aleppo for the last seven days and are upholding a moratorium on bombing.

Spain's king asks acting PM Rajoy to form government

Spain's king on Tuesday tasked Mariano Rajoy with forming a new government, taking the acting conservative prime minister a step closer to power again after a 10-month political deadlock.

Trump vows to scrap Obamacare as costs to jump 25 percent

Donald Trump vowed Tuesday to overturn President Barack Obama's signature health insurance program after the government announced Americans will see costs jump an average of 25 percent next year.

Judge gives final approval in Volkswagen emissions settlement

A US judge on Tuesday granted final approval for a $14.7 billion class action settlement in Volkswagen's diesel emissions cheating scandal.

Obama to head to Greece, Germany, Peru in mid-November: W. House

US President Barack Obama will head to Greece, Germany and Peru next month for what could be his final trip abroad before leaving the White House in January, his office said Tuesday.

EU to extend Schengen border controls for three months

The EU moved Tuesday to prolong border controls in the passport-free Schengen area for three months, missing an end-of-year deadline to scrap the emergency measures adopted to cope with last year's massive migrant influx.

Moscow airport announces $865 mn expansion ahead of World Cup

Moscow's Sheremetyevo airport, the largest in Russia, has invested $865 million into building a new terminal and expanding its operations ahead of the 2018 World Cup, its chief executive said Tuesday.

French police seek clues in abduction of luxury hotel owner

French investigators said Tuesday they were searching for clues into the abduction of a 76-year-old luxury hotel owner a day after she was snatched near her Riviera home.

MEPs lift Jean-Marie Le Pen parliamentary immunity

EU lawmakers on Tuesday lifted the parliamentary immunity of former French far-right leader Jean-Marie Le Pen, a move sought by French prosecutors who want to try him for allegedly inciting race hate.

France begins demolition of 'Jungle' migrant camp

Workers escorted by scores of French police officers moved into the "Jungle" in Calais on Tuesday, demolishing shacks and tents emptied of migrants who were being bussed to shelters around France.

Saudi-led coalition denies Yemen 'blockade'

The Saudi-led coalition denied on Tuesday it had imposed a "blockade" on Yemen, saying instead that it was controlling access to the country to prevent pro-Iran rebels from obtaining arms.

Hollande urges vigilance over jihadists returning from Iraq

French President Francois Hollande on Tuesday urged the US-led coalition backing the offensive against Islamic State jihadists in Mosul to prepare for the aftermath of the city's fall, including returning fighters.

Austria 'horror clown' attacks leave several injured

The so-called creepy clown trend has spread to Austria where several people have been injured in attacks by masked assailants in the lead-up to Halloween.

NATO flies first AWACS surveillance mission backing anti-IS coalition

Sophisticated NATO surveillance planes have flown their first mission in support of the US-led coalition battling the Islamic State group, alliance head Jens Stoltenberg said Tuesday.

Pakistan police academy attackers 'pretended to be soldiers'

Heavily armed militants who stormed a Pakistani police academy tricked cadets hiding in their rooms into opening locked doors by pretending to be soldiers, witnesses told AFP Tuesday as chilling accounts emerged from survivors.

Jared Fogle's ex-wife sues Subway for emotional distress

The ex-wife of former Subway pitchman Jared Fogle launched a lawsuit against the sandwich company. Katie McLaughlin claims Subway learned years ago her husband was a pedophile but failed to report him to police or do anything about it.

Europe must delay summit on Canada trade pact: EU's Schulz

Europe must delay a summit this week when EU leaders hoped to sign the hotly-contested CETA free-trade deal with Canada, European Parliament President Martin Schulz told German radio on Tuesday.

Closing down sale at Calais 'Jungle' shops

An island of comfort in the squalid Calais 'Jungle', the Khyber Pass Cafe is one of the few still serving customers even as migrants heed an eviction order and camp residents move out.

Turkey may launch ground operation in Iraq if threatened: FM

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said Tuesday Ankara could launch a ground operation in Iraq to remove any threats to Turkey that may arise.