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article imageStudy: Pre-diabetes on rise and 1 in 3 will develop diabetes

By Marcus Hondro     Nov 22, 2015 in Health
A combined research effort from the Erasmus University Medical Center in Rotterdam and Harvard School of Public Health in Boston has made helpful findings in the field of diabetes. It discovered half of adults at age 45 have developed prediabetes.
Also called impaired glucose metabolism, prediabetes can be found in a blood test but is more often undetected because generally there are no overt symptoms. However, in some it will develop into type 2 diabetes. From age 45, the study found that one in three adults will develop diabetes.
It was published this week in The Lancet: Diabetes and Endocrinology. Dr. Kamlesh Khunti of Leicester General Hospital in the U.K. co-authored an editorial accompanying the study and explains that the information is helpful, if not entirely new.
"We have known this from previous studies," Dr. Khunti said. "But what this study adds is a method of communicating risk in a better way – a person’s lifetime risk of developing diabetes."
Study authors looked at data such as blood sugar tests, medical records and pharmacy dispensing records from 10,000 people in The Netherlands. To draw their conclusions they continued to examine ongoing data on the subjects for 15 years.
They found having a higher body mass index and/or a larger waist circumference increased the likelihood of getting diabetes. Dr. Khunti said a healthy diet and a regular exercise regime are essential components to lowering the risk of diabetes.
"The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide, and the prevalence of the at-risk state for the disease (often termed prediabetes) is even higher," he wrote in The Lancet. "There is good evidence that intensive lifestyle prevention programmes can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes in those at high risk."
More about type 2 diabetes, diabetes study, adults and diabetes, prediabetes
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