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article imageNew finding about autism (video)

By Tim Sandle     Mar 29, 2014 in Health
Abnormal cellular layering has been found within the brains of children with autism. This points to inappropriate development prenatally, according to new research.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), one in 68 eight-year-olds has an autism spectrum disorder. This is almost double the estimate a decade ago.
While the reason for the increase in autism is unclear, scientists are making progress in understanding the neural roots of autism. In new study, researchers from the University of California, San Diego examined the brains of 22 children who died. The team found that the children who had autism were far more likely to have had disorganized patches of cortical neurons than those who did not have the disorder.
The video below explains this further:
Looking at this further, Thomas Insel, the director of National Institute of Mental Health, which funded the research, said in a statement: "If this new report of disorganized architecture in the brains of some children with autism is replicated, we can presume this reflects a process occurring long before birth. This reinforces the importance of early identification and intervention."
Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and verbal and non-verbal communication, and by restricted, repetitive or stereotyped behavior. The diagnostic criteria require that symptoms become apparent before a child is three years old.
The new research has been published in the New England Journal of Medicine. The paper is titled "Patches of Disorganization in the Neocortex of Children with Autism".
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