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Today in History January 25, 2007

By Critical_Conformity     Jan 25, 2007 in World
This is what happened on this Day on:
Pick of the Day:
1995 : Near launching of Russian nukes
Russia's early-warning defense radar detects an unexpected missile launch near Norway, and Russian military command estimates the missile to be only minutes from impact on Moscow. Moments later, Russian President Boris Yeltsin, his defense minister, and his chief of staff were informed of the missile launch. The nuclear command systems switched to combat mode, and the nuclear suitcases carried by Yeltsin and his top commander were activated for the first time in the history of the Soviet-made weapons system. Five minutes after the launch detection, Russian command determined that the missile's impact point would be outside Russia's borders. Three more minutes passed, and Yeltsin was informed that the launching was likely not part of a surprise nuclear strike by Western nuclear submarines.
These conclusions came minutes before Yeltsin and his commanders should have ordered a nuclear response based on standard launch on warning protocols. Later, it was revealed that the missile, launched from Spitzbergen, Norway, was actually carrying instruments for scientific measurements. Nine days before, Norway had notified 35 countries, including Russia, of the exact details of the planned launch. The Russian Defense Ministry had received Norway's announcement but had neglected to inform the on-duty personnel at the early-warning center of the imminent launch. The event raised serious concerns about the quality of the former Soviet Union's nuclear systems.
1327 - King Edward III accedes to British throne
1348 - Earthquake destroys Villach, killing 5,000
1494 - Alfonso II replaces his father as king of Naples
1533 - England's King Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn (approximate date)
1554 - Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary
1565 - Battle at Talikota India Moslems destroy Vijayanagar's army
1579 - Treaty of Utrecht signed, marks beginning of Dutch Republic
1721 - Czar Peter the Great ends Russian-orthodox patriarchy
1775 - Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)
1776 : First national memorial is ordered by Congress
- On this day in 1776, the Continental Congress authorizes the first national Revolutionary War memorial in honor of Brigadier General Richard Montgomery, who had been killed during an assault on Quebec on December 31, 1775.
1799 - 1st US patent for a seeding machine, Eliakim Spooner, Vermont
1802 - Napoleon elected President of the Italian (Cisalpine) Republic
1817 - Rossini's opera "La Cenerentola" premieres in Rome
1825 - 1st US engineering college opens, Rensselaer Polytechnic, Troy NY
1844 - Recontre between Representatives Weller & Shriver, US House of Representatives
1851 - Sojourner Truth addresses 1st Black Women's Rights Convention (Akron)
1856 - Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers & Indians
1858 - Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" 1st played, at wedding of Queen Victoria's daughter Princess Victoria, to crown prince of Prussia
1863 - Battle of Kinston NC
1863 - General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
1870 In Canada
- Louis Riel leads two week convention to consider the Canadian proposals put forward by Donald Alexander Smith, later Lord Strathcona 1820-1914.
1870 - Soda fountain patented by Gustavus
1875 - Anti-slavery society formed in NY
1877 - Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden
1882 - Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms
1890 - United Mine Workers of America founded
1890 - National Afro-American League forms in Chicago
1890 - Nellie Bly beats Phileas Fogg's time around world by 8 days (72 days)
1894 - James J Corbett KOs Charley Mitchell in 3 for heavyweight boxing title
1904 - 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick PA
1905 : World's Largest Diamond was Found
- The diamond was discovered in mines in South Africa and was 3,106 Carats, now stting in England.
1906 - Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid
1907 - Julia Ward Howe is 1st woman elected to National Institute of Arts & Letters
1910 - 1st stumping by a 12th man in Tests (N C Tufnell, South Africa vs England)
1910 - Children initiate idea of planting trees in Jerusalem
1915 - Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (New York to San Francisco)
1916 - Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
1918 - Russia declared a republic of Soviets
1919 - Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
1919 - Formal commission is established on the League of Nations
1924: The First Winter Olympics Happened
- It all started in the French Alps and was known as International Sports Week. It was such a success that the IOC later designated it the Winter Olympics.
1932 Governor General of Canada MAKES FIRST TRANS CANADA PHONE CALLS
- Governor General, the Earl of Bessborough speaks to the Lieutenant Governor of each province, to inaugurate the Trans-Canada telephone system.
1937 - Soap Opera "Guiding Light" premieres on NBC radio
1938 - Ian Hay's "Bachelor Born" premieres in New York City NY
1939 - Earthquake hits Chillán Chile, 10,000 killed
1939 - Joe Louis KOs John Henry Lewis in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1940 - Nazi decrees the establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland
1942 - Thailand declares war on the United States and England
1945 - Grand Rapids MI becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
1945 - Dan Topping, Del Webb & Larry MacPhail purchase New York Yankees for $2.8 million
1945 - Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
1945 - West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
1946 - United Mine Workers union rejoins American Federation of Labor
1949 - First Emmy awards
1951 - UN begins counter offensive in Korea
1953 - WABI TV channel 5 in Bangor ME (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - Jill Kinmont hits a tree & breaks her back in Snow Cup Ski Race
1955 - Russia ends state of war with Germany
1955 - Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years
1955 - US & Panamá sign canal treaty
1957 - FBI arrests Jack & Myra Sobel, charged with spying for the USSR
1959 - 1st transcontinental commercial jet flight (American) (Los Angeles to New York for $301)
1959 - Pope John XXIII proclaims 2nd Vatican council
1961 : Kennedy holds first live television news conference
- On this day in 1961, President John F. Kennedy becomes the first U.S. president to hold a live televised news conference.
1961 - Walt Disney's "101 Dalmations" released
1961 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Naples Pro-Am Golf Tournament
1961 - Military coup in El Salvador
- In Newfoundland - Wilson Kettle dies at age 102; has 582 living descendants.
1964 - Beatles 1st US #1, "I Want to Hold your Hand" (Cashbox)
1964 - Echo 2, US communications satellite launched
1966 - WCMC (now WMGM) TV channel 40 in Wildwood New Jersey (NBC) 1st broadcast
1968 - Risse St in the Bronx named for Louis Risse (engineer who pioneered underpasses at major intersections)
1968 - Robert Anderson's "I Never Sang for My Father" premieres in New York City NY
1968 : Israeli sub vanishes
- The Israeli submarine Dakar, carrying 69 sailors, disappears on this day in 1968 and is never seen again. The exact fate of this vessel remains a mystery to this day.
1969 - US-North Vietnamese peace talks begin in Paris
1970 - Robert Altman's "M*AS*H" premieres
1971 - Himachal Pradesh becomes 18th Indian state
1971 - Philadelphia mint's 1st trial strike of the Eisenhower dollar
1971 - Military coup in Uganda under General Idi Amin Dada
1971 - WHMB TV channel 40 in Indianapolis IN (IND) begins broadcasting
1971 : Manson and followers convicted
In Los Angeles, California, cult leader Charles Manson is convicted, along with followers Susan Atkins, Leslie Van Houten, and Patricia Krenwinkle, of the brutal 1969 murders of actress Sharon Tate and six others.
1974 - Bülent Ecevit forms government in Turkey
1974 - Ray Kroc, CEO (McDonald's), buys San Diego Padres for $12 million
1974 - South African surgeon Christiaan Barnard transplanted the first human heart without removal of the old one
1975 - Parliament disposes of premier sheik Mujib ur-Rahman
1978 - Muriel Humphrey (D-MN) appointed to fill late husband's Senate seat
1980 - Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, USN hovercraft
1980 - Paul McCartney is released from Tokyo jail & deported
1980 - Bani Sadr elected President of Iran
1980 - Dutch Government demands boycott of Olympics
1981 - 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US
1981 - Mao's widow Jiang Qing sentenced to death
1981 - Super Bowl XV Oakland Raiders beat Philadelphia Eagles, 27-10 in New Orleans; Super Bowl MVP Jim Plunkett, Oakland, Quarterback
1983 - China's supreme court commutes Chiang Ch'ing's death sentence to life
1983 - Infrared telescope satellite launched into polar orbit
1983 - Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia
1985 - "Black & Blue" premieres in Paris
1988 - George Harrison releases "When We Was Fab"
1988 - Vice President Bush & Dan Rather clash on "CBS Evening News" as Rather attempts to question Bush about his role in the Iran-Contra affair
1988 - Ramsewak Shankar sworn in as President of Suriname
1989 - Michael Jordan scores his 10,000th NBA point in his 5th season
1989 - Yank owner George Steinbrenner meets with Pope John Paul II
1989 - Augusto Alcalde, 1st South American Zen teacher, receives Dharma Transmission
1990 - Former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is transferred to a Miami jail
1990 - Avianca Flight 52, runs out of fuel & crashes in Cove Neck NY, 73 die
1990 - West-Europe's strongest hurricane
1991 - Manuel Noriega is given access to assets frozen by US government
1991 - Brett Hull is 3rd NHLer to score 50 goals in less than 50 games (49)
1991 - Mark Waugh scores ton in 1st Test Cricket innings, vs England Adelaide
1991 - Soap opera "Generation's" last episode after a 2½ year run
1992 - 66th Australian Women's Tennis Monica Seles beats M Fernandez (62 63)
1992 - Dan Jansen skates world record 500m in 36.41"
1992 - Hubble space telescope optics finds NGC3862/3C264
1993 - 20th American Music Award Michael Jackson, Mariah Carey win
1993 - Puerto Rico adds English as its 2nd official language
1993 - Sears announces it is closing its catalog sales department after 97 years
1994 - Accused of molesting a 13-year-old boy, Michael Jackson settles a civil lawsuit out of court
1994 - Australia beat South Africa 2-1 to win the World Series Cup
1994 - Mine fire at Asansol India, kills 55
1994 - US space probe Clementine launched
1995 - Jacques Santer succeeds Jacques Delors as chairman of European Committee
1997 - 71st Australian Women's Tennis Martina Hingis beat Mary Pierce (62 62)
1998 - "Grease" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City NY after 1,503 performance
1998 - "Patti LaBelle On Broadway" closes at St James Theater New York City NY
1998 - Britain's Queen Mother, 97, gets an emergency hip replacement
1998 - Helen Alfredsson wins Office Depot LPGA tournament
1998 -Spice Girl Victoria Adams (Posh) & soccer David Beckham gets engaged
1998 - Super Bowl XXXII Denver Broncos beat Green Bay Packers 31-24 in San Diego; Super Bowl MVP Terrell Davis, Denver, Running Back
1985 - "We are the World" is recorded
- IN Red Deer Alberta Canada - Leilani Muir is awarded $750,000 by Alberta judge; she was wrongly diagnosed as mentally disabled and sterilized by the province's Eugenics Board in 1959.
2005 : BTK killer sends message
- On January 25, 2005, a Wichita, Kansas, television station receives a postcard from the BTK killer that leads police to discover a Post Toasties cereal box that had been altered to contain the letters BTK. This communication was one in a long line sent by the serial killer who terrorized Wichita for over 30 years, brutally murdering 10 people and taunting law enforcement and the local media. A month later, on February 25, Dennis Lynn Rader, a husband, father of two and compliance officer for Park City, Kansas, was taken into police custody and soon confessed to being the BTK killer.
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