But he says he is a changed man now. He says this time he will pay attention to the economic and social well being of his people. He desires closes ties with the US.
But He did not his pledges in his inaugural speech.
The presence of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and Bolivia's Evo Morales in his ceremony tell a different story.
Chavez said that his "heart was overflowing with joy" to see Nicaragua once again in Ortega's hands.
Morales, another fierce critic of U.S. policies who took office a year ago, welcomed Ortega to the growing club of Latin leftists.