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article imageBaelo Claudia: 2nd century Roman city in southern Spain Special

By Anne Sewell     Nov 8, 2013 in Travel
Tarifa - On the outskirts of Tarifa, close to the village of Bolonia on the Costa de la Luz, lies a fascinating Roman city dating back to the 2nd century BC called Baelo Claudia.
The ancient Roman town is located 22 kilometers (14 miles) outside of the city of Tarifa, right on the dunes of the village of Bolonia. On the shores of the Straits of Gibraltar, the town was originally a fishing village and also a North African trade link, settled around 2,000 years ago.
At the time of Emperor Claudius the town was thought to be very prosperous, as it was a major port for Tangier in Mauretania Tingitana (now Morocco) and also supplied salted tuna fish, garum and other products to various other Roman cities close by.
In fact, the city was so successful that it was granted the title of "municipium" by Emperor Claudius.
However, over the years the town declined, mainly as a result of several earthquakes, damage from which is evident in the ruins today. There were also problems with hordes of pirates, both Celtic and Barbary and the town was eventually abandoned in the 6th century.
Around the city:
On arrival, guests enter through the museum building, where there are impressive displays of various Roman artifacts and also information about the ruins themselves.
You can then do a walking tour of the major attractions in the Roman city. The first thing you will come across one of three aqueducts in the city, used to bring water into the town:
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - one of 3 aqueducts used to brin...
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - one of 3 aqueducts used to bring water into town.
Next visit is to the Forum Square, pretty much like town squares today:
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - Forum square to Basilica.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - Forum square to Basilica.
The Forum Square is attached to the Basilica, or judicial center, of the town:
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - The Basilica.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - The Basilica.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - the Basilica.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - the Basilica.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - the Basilica.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - the Basilica.
As you walk along the pathways, you come across the residential areas, Roman baths, shopping areas and pretty well preserved Roman roadways, which make you wonder if our roads could stand up so well after 2,000 years!
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - residential area.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - residential area.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - Roman road.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - Roman road.
Near the beach can be found the fish salting factory, with its many bins. This area was also used for the production of garum, a fermented fish sauce used as a condiment in the cuisines of ancient Greece, Rome, and Byzantium.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - Fish salting and garum factory.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - Fish salting and garum factory.
Next stop is the Roman amphitheater, the heart of the city's entertainment area, which has been partially restored:
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - Roman Amphitheater.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - Roman Amphitheater.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - Roman Amphitheater.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - Roman Amphitheater.
Close by are various temples. one to the Egyptian goddess Isis, as well as temples to Juno, Jupiter, and Minerva. Each god has its own individual temple, instead of one temple dedicated to them collectively, although they shared an altar; the only other Roman town believed to have a similar arrangement is Sbeitla in Tunisia.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - One of 4 temples in the city.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - One of 4 temples in the city.
In the museum:
Either at the beginning or end of your tour, the museum is a worthy browse, containing many well preserved artifacts and plenty of information about the site.
This is a mock-up of how the city would probably have looked 2,000 years ago:
Baelo Claudia - 2nd C. BC Roman city in southern Spain - Mock up of how the city would have looked 2...
Baelo Claudia - 2nd C. BC Roman city in southern Spain - Mock up of how the city would have looked 2,000 years ago.
And some of the artifacts are pictured below with brief descriptions:
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - lead water or sewage pipes in t...
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - lead water or sewage pipes in the museum.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - Sun dial in the museum.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - Sun dial in the museum.
This portion of a statue gives an idea of Roman footwear:
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa  Spain - in the museum.
Baelo Claudia - Roman city from the 2nd Century near Tarifa, Spain - in the museum.
More photos are included in the video above, and more information on the area can be found here.
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