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article imagePhoto Essay: Havana’s Revolution Square and José Martí Memorial Special

By Igor I. Solar     Oct 19, 2013 in Travel
Havana - Revolution Square in Havana is the political and administrative center of Cuba. The most important structures in the Square are a 109-meter tall star-shaped tower, and the statue of José Martí, Cuba's national hero and acclaimed poet and journalist.
Revolution Square is located on the highest place of the city, an area formerly known as The Hill of the Jesuits. The potential of this place as the city's civic center was identified from the early 20th century. However, the construction of the Civic Plaza and the José Martí Memorial did not begin until 1953.
With the triumph of the Revolution in January 1959, construction partially stopped and some of the original purposes of the Plaza were modified. Beginning in the 60s it was called Plaza de la Revolución (Revolution Square). Bordering the large Plaza are located several political and administrative buildings. Among these buildings, the most prominent are the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Informatics and Communications. Also located nearby are the National Library and the National Theatre.
José Martí Memorial in Revolution Square  Havana. The star-shaped obelisk is 109 meters tall and h...
José Martí Memorial in Revolution Square, Havana. The star-shaped obelisk is 109 meters tall and has an observation deck on the top floor giving a great view of the city in all directions. At the foot of the tower is the 18-meter high statue of José Martí surrounded by six short marble columns representing the six original Cuban provinces.
The José Martí statue is 18 meters high. The statue was carved in white marble by Juan Jose Sicre ...
The José Martí statue is 18 meters high. The statue was carved in white marble by Juan Jose Sicre, one of the greatest Cuban sculptors.
The square has an area of 72,000 square meters making it one of the largest city squares in the world. Since 1961, and for over fifty years, Havana’s Revolution Square has been the site of most major social and political events in Cuba, thus becoming a symbol of the political process in the country. Besides the impressive José Martí Memorial, huge images of Argentine revolutionary Che Guevara in the front of the Ministry of Interior, and of Camilo Cienfuegos on the Ministry of Informatics and Communications, emphasize the revolutionary character of the Plaza.
Ministry of Interior building in Plaza de la Revolución (Revolution Square)  Havana  Cuba. The lege...
Ministry of Interior building in Plaza de la Revolución (Revolution Square), Havana, Cuba. The legend below Che Guevara's image says: "Hasta la Victoria, Siempre" (Until Victory, Always).
Image of revolutionary guerrilla fighter Camilo Cienfuegos in the front of the building of the Minis...
Image of revolutionary guerrilla fighter Camilo Cienfuegos in the front of the building of the Ministry of Informatics and Communications, Revolution Square, Havana. The legend says: "Vas bien, Fidel" ((You're doing fine, Fidel).
The square has witnessed many important popular activities in Havana including the mass rallies in which Fidel Castro delivered fiery speeches typically lasting for several hours. Here, there have also taken place several large music concerts, such as “Peace without Borders II” (2009), and other momentous events, including the Masses offered by Pope John Paul II in January 1998, and Pope Benedict XVI in March 2012.
José Martí Memorial in Revolution Square  Havana. The star-shaped obelisk has an observation deck ...
José Martí Memorial in Revolution Square, Havana. The star-shaped obelisk has an observation deck on the top floor. At the foot of the tower is the statue of José Martí, the "apostol of Cuban Independence".
Revolution Square and the José Martí Memorial are places of great importance for the country and for the district of Vedado, where they are located. Because of its historical and cultural values, Revolution Square was declared a National Monument in 2010.
Typical Havana classic cars stationed near the Ministry of Informatics and Communications offer taxi...
Typical Havana classic cars stationed near the Ministry of Informatics and Communications offer taxi services to tourists visiting Revolution Square.
More about Revolution Square, Jose Marti Memorial, Fidel castro, Che guevara, Camilo Cienfuegos
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