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article imageMediterranean diet can reduce heart attacks

By Tim Sandle     Aug 17, 2013 in Food
Spanish scientists have shown that the Mediterranean diet may counteract the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke in people with type 2 diabetes.
According to a new study, eating a Mediterranean diet may lower the risk of stroke and offset other negative effects associated with a genetic variant strongly linked to type 2 diabetes. The principal aspects of this diet include proportionally high consumption of olive oil, legumes, unrefined cereals, fruits, and vegetables, moderate to high consumption of fish, moderate consumption of dairy products (mostly as cheese and yogurt), moderate wine consumption, and low consumption of meat and meat products.
To show the effect of the diet, researchers looked at data from Spain. The team analyzed data from the Prevencion con Dieta Mediterranea (PREDIMED) trial in which more than 7,000 participants ate one of three diets—a low-fact control diet and two slightly different Mediterranean diets. The participants were monitored for cardiovascular disease, stroke, and heart attack for almost 5 years. The key finding was that people with diabetes who maintained a Mediterranean diet faced no more of a risk of stroke than those without the variation, according to the research.
The study has been published in the journal Diabetes Care. In the introduction to the paper the lead authors wrote: "These results, based on a dietary intervention study, support the benefits of a Mediterranean diet, especially for genetically susceptible individuals, and emphasize the importance of studying entire dietary patterns rather than individual components."
Discussing the findings, one leading scientist, Keith Ayoob of Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, told Medical News that "It’s the first time we can see the effect of a diet on the expression of a genotype." This means that there is a link between the type of food consumed and what happens to a person's genes, in this case avoiding a genetic linked heart attack or stroke.
More about Mediterranean diet, Heart, Heart attacks, Cardiac arrest, type 2 diabetes
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