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U.S. farmers face immigration issues hindering work for many

By Jonathan Nguyen     Mar 31, 2013 in Politics
Products that we consume in the U.S. are most likely the result of the work of farmers or guest workers. These products are made at a low cost and often times sold as so. However, people do not realize the costly factors involved.
As found in the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey in 2010, almost 40 million was found in the U.S. immigrant population. According to an article done by the New York Times, at least 11.5 million undocumented workers are currently working in the U.S. Being undocumented workers, these workers often times suffer from injustices such as low pay, no fringe benefits, or even both. However, this is attributed to the ones that are not abiding by the law by working illegally. For the ones that do abide by the law, it can be even tougher to get from one day to the next.
For the ones that do come and work in the U.S. in a legal manner for an admirable cause of chasing the American Dream; as well as the ones who employ them. Rodolfo Benito Coy Garcia (Employee) and Rusty Barr(Employer) are representations of this enduring problem. Garcia is here in the U.S. for 10 months out of the year, trying to provide for his family back in Mexico; while Barr has to go through an extensive and expensive process to keep Garcia on his payroll."We come here to support our families and provide our kids with a better education." Garcia says. Barr also has to compete with others that are simply just hiring undocumented workers to avoid the nagging customary that those such as Barr has to go through to hire documented workers that are either citizens or immigrants on a visa. This is a huge problem considering that Garcia makes low wages by U.S. standards and Barr is not better off either as hiring workers such as Garcia creates a hole in Barr's profit margin.
These are the problems that the H-2A agricultural visa program brings upon as employers are inclined to hire undocumented workers as opposed to hiring individuals through the H-2A program. The H-2A visa program was designed to give preference to U.S. citizens searching to fill jobs, but the problem is that citizens do not want these jobs. Workers such as Garcia suffer as a result of the turnout of the low amount of U.S. citizens that actually take up farming jobs. In light of this, those such as Barr and Garcia are looking for provisions to be added to the H-2A program that would allow guest workers to stay for 11 months instead of 10 and also allow them to move from employer to employer.
Seeing as how the U.S. whole-heartily depends on agriculture to meet everyday needs of its citizens; reforms to programs such as the H-2A program and a reform to immigration as a whole is necessary for our country to improve in a steadfast manner. Politicians have recently been looking to make immigration reforms with the objective of bringing more skilled workers to the U.S. However, before the focus is placed on that notion, there should be focus on those that are working so hard just to stay here and make an honest living that U.S. citizens take for granted at times.
Here is a video that displays this hardship.
More about Immigration Reform, United States Workers, Farmers, work visas, US politics
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