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article imageU.S. Congress cuts science funding

By Tim Sandle     Jan 9, 2013 in Science
The deal struck over the U.S. budget may have made the headlines over the protracted negotiations. Now details are emerging about what the deal entails. One of the areas targeted for cuts is scientific research.
The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 – passed on the first day of 2013 by a 257-167 vote in the House, after passing by an 89-8 vote in the Senate – makes substantial changes to the tax code. In essence, it means less money is available for different projects.
According to Science Insider, the main cut to science comes in the form of $4 billion in discretionary spending which has been cut from the budget. This includes funding directed towards National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Science Foundation (NSF). In addition, these two bodies have been told that they need to seek an additional $8 billion in cuts in 2014.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and health-related research. Its science and engineering counterpart is the National Science Foundation. The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering.
The two bodies will be drawing up plans to decide which projects continue to receive investment, which ones need to be mothballed, and which ones are to be cut.
There have also been changes as to which members take the important science leads. The NSF states that Rep. Lamar Smith (R-Texas) takes over as the chair of the Committee on Science, Space and Technology. Rep. Larry Bucshon (R-Ind.) is the new chair of the Subcommittee on Research.
More about Congress, Science, Budget, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation
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