The theory of a car running completely on batteries is nothing new. This concept was actually introduced in the early 1800s, but due to the inability to perfect the car battery the idea never took on.
However, recently more and more car manufacturers are rolling out a special hybrid and electric car line. Two very well known products are the Nissan LEAF
and the Tesla Motors Model S
. These two companies research and engineer ways to get the most out of the battery.
On December 21, 2012, Tesla Motors has installed the first 480volt Supercharger station on the east coast. These charging stations can deliver a 150 miles of driving distance in just 30 minutes, but that is only at its best with minimal weather and road condition obstructions.
According to the New York Times
, this charging station makes making a Boston to Washington round trip possible in the Tesla Model S sedan. Furthermore, the Environmental Protection Agency has rated at 265 miles of range with the larger 85-kilowatt-hour battery pack.
However, Tesla's estimates are slightly different. According to the Tesla Motors site
, an 85 kilowatt battery pack can deliver a range of up to 300 miles based on the assumption that the sedan is traveling at an average speed of 55 miles per hour. In addition, the battery allows for a top speed of 130 miles per hour and taking 4.4 seconds to reach from 0-60 mph.
In terms of charging, the current Model S sedan can achieve a 50% charge in half an hour using the Tesla Supercharger. If the Supercharger is not available, owners can also charge via the Mobile Connector Plug, which is stated to deliver 31 miles of range per hour charged until full. Further details on the Tesla charging options can be found on their Tesla Motors site