The perception of the Nigerian government by its citizens calls for sober reflection in official circles. A recent Gallup survey reveals that Nigerians rated their government the second most corrupt in the world.
Gallup, in its new report, "Global States of Mind: New Metrics for World Leaders," revealed that 94 percent of Nigerians said that corruption is endemic in government.
According to the poll, Kenyans said their government is even more corrupt. About 96 percent of Kenyans perceived widespread corruption in their government.
Other countries rank after Kenya and Nigeria in the following order: Lebanon, 92; Kosovo, 91; Indonesia, 91; Uganda, 90; Tanzania, 89; Senegal, 89; Bosnia and Herzegovina, 88, and South Africa, 87.
The most favorable rating of a national government by its citizens came from Singapore. Only five percent of Singaporeans said corruption is widespread in government.
According to Gallup, the report is a "world audit of global behavioral economics...intended to help leaders build strategies of human and economic development that put their nations on the course of success and prosperity and to head off unrest and revolution."Gallup, referring to last years revolutions in the Arab world, pointed out that "no institution of leadership foresaw the most significant events in recent memory because they tend to use backward-looking metrics" that become outdated almost as soon as they re published.
GDP was rising in Tunisia and Egypt before the revolutions broke out. According to Gallup, this shows that world leaders need more than just GDP and similar macro-economic indices to manage their countries and project into the future.
Jim Clifton, Chairman & CEO of Gallup, said: "This is a crucial new report because one of Gallup's biggest discoveries is that there is no leadership as dangerous as leadership that doesn't understand the will of its nation's citizens. Because when world leaders have their premises and assumptions wrong – as in Tunisia, Egypt, and others yet to be revealed – and leaders lead with wrong assumptions, the worse they make their country and the world."
This Day Live reports Clifton said: “Economic data are becoming less and less valuable because they tend to be outdated by the time they are made available. More significantly, GDP is less valuable because leaders now need to know much more than what people are spending-they need to know what they are thinking; GDP isn't enough if you are watching for instability.
“All institutes worldwide knew GDP was rising in Tunisia and Egypt. They knew what 11 million Tunisians and 80 million Egyptians were buying and selling-but they didn't know what they were thinking."
Clifton pointed out that neither the World Economic Forum (WEF) nor the the World Bank anticipated the Arab revolution. This Day Live reports Clifton said: The US spends tens of billions on intelligence— and it missed those revolutions too."
According to The Punch, Clifton said the report showed that in countries where the public perception of corruption in government was high, citizens had less confidence in their institutions, law and order.
The report read: “People in countries where high percentages see widespread corruption in their government tend to have less confidence in their national institutions and in law and order, which suggests that corruption actively undermines the foundations of wellbeing.”
The poll is part of a global poll initiative that spans about 150 countries, territories and areas. The Gallup World Poll data set includes more than one million interviews conducted since the initiative started in 2005.
Respondents were asked questions about law and order, food and shelter, institutions, infrastructure, jobs, wellbeing, brain drain and GDP.