On Wednesday, 4 July 2012, in Geneva, Switzerland, scientists working at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) announced that they have found the elusive Higgs boson particles, sometimes referred to as the God particle.
A boson is a subatomic particle. Peter Higgs is the physicist who postulated the particles existence for many years. The Higgs boson is large for subatomic particles because it is many times heavier than protons and electrons. The problem with this particle is that it breaks down too rapidly to be directly observed by researchers; therefore, only its "shadow" can be identified. However, physicists theorize that the Higgs is the particle that unifies all the forces recognized in the physical universe, the invisible force field substance that gives all subatomic particles mass, inertia, and makes it possible for unification of subatomic particles.
According to the New York Times, marking the beginning of the end for most expensive searches in science history, physicists said recently that they have found a new subatomic particle that appears like the Higgs boson particle, which is the key to understanding why there is diversity and life in the universe.
Scientists working in Europe's advanced CERN research center found a new subatomic particle, the universe’s basic building block. This particle appears to be what theoretical physicist Peter Higgs postulated half a century ago, according to Reuters.
The CERN scientists reporting from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) claimed they discovered a new particle consistent with the Higgs boson. The particle has been the subject of discussion since the early 1950s. This finding explains how matter attains its mass. The Higgs boson-hunting experiments at the LHC see certainty in their data. However, more work will be needed to be certain that what they see is a Higgs, according to the BBC news reports on science and environment.
The discovery of the God particle will transform our understanding of origins, our religious beliefs, and our understanding of the traditional scientific model describing particle physics.
Today, the standard model in particle physics explains how all the universe’s fundamental particles interact. The model, which is often compared to the Periodic Table of Elements employed by chemists, includes the various particles that make up all matter and force in the universe. When we study protons, neutrons, and electrons, we are learning outdated information. Particle physicists have developed the categories describing subatomic particles significantly since the1930s. Protons and neutrons now fall into the category of hadrons, particles that are made up of quarks combinations. Electrons and neutrinos are both types of leptons. Other particles, making up matter’s fundamental building blocks are called fermions. In distinction from fermions, bosons are particles similar to photons, gluons and the Higgs boson that do not make up actual matter because they are force-carrier particles. Two fermions cannot occupy the same place at the same time; they bump into each other. Bosons, however, are not actually matter and can move right through one another.
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