Leon Trotsky was a Russian revolutionist who developed his theory of permanent revolution. In pre-revolutionary times, he had had his times of emigration, trials and imprisonment.
He not only rubbed shoulders with many important activists and famous names of Russian Revolution but also fell into many ideological conflicts with them. He had a case of crossing the floor between the Bolshevik and Menshevik parties and ideological disputes with both Vladimir Ilyich Lenin and former leader of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin. Like in big politics he had both friends and enemies.
After the time of Revolution and the death of Lenin in 1924, when Stalin took over the reins of power, Trotsky was expelled from the Central Committee in 1927 due to the open critics of Stalin. Then he was exiled in Alma Ata in Kazakhstan on January 31, 1928 and finally expelled from the Soviet Union early in 1929.
After spending his time in Turkey, France and Norway, he and his wife arrived to Mexico in 1937 and first stayed at Frida Kahlo's family house “La Casa Azul” (The Blue House) from where they moved in to their new residency at Viena and Morelos, still at Coyoacán.
He had the KGB agents stepping in his and wife's feet everywhere. The first failed attempt of killing Trotsky was in May 1940. As a result of this, their living place was reinforced with surrounding walls which gave their residency a fortress-like character.
The second attempt of killing him was successful and as a result of a blow at the back of the head with the ice axe by the family's assistance friend, Trotsky died in hospital on August 20, 1940.
Now the Trotsky's family residence is converted into a museum commemorating this controversial revolutionary with huge collection of photographs with friends and other celebrities, books, manuscripts, papers, posters and other memorabilia from times of political activity of Leon Trotsky, both from the Soviet Union and the times of exile.
The compound of the museum has a house where the family lived, garden with the Trotsky's couple tomb. All this within a small fortress in peaceful neighbourhood of Coyoacán. The study where Trotsky used to work and the desk he used to sit at has been kept intact since his death. On the other side of the office there's a bed he slept on with a bookshelf with his books.