Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak suffered a heart attack recently upon his arrival at Tora Prison. His heart attack occurred when he was told he would spend the rest of his life in prison.
The Egyptian medical staff at the prison treated Mubarak and stabilized his condition. A security official said Mubarak refused to leave the helicopter that brought him to the prison and he broke into tears upon arrival. The former president, who ruled Egypt for nearly 30 years, was sentenced to life in prison for killing protesters during Egypt’s revolution in 2011, which terminated his leadership, according to Israel National News.
Mubarak’s Military and Political Career
Few Mideast analysts expected Mubarak to be elevated to the presidency after Sadat's 1981 assassination where he would hold on to the nation's top position for many years, according to BBC news.
Mubarak was born in Kafr-el Meselha, the son of an inspector of the Ministry of Justice. Mubarak was educated in Egypt's national Military Academy and Air Force Academy and in the Frunze General Staff Academy in Moscow. Under Egyptian president Anwar al-Sadat, Mubarak served in different military posts, including deputy minister of war from 1972 to 1975. By 1975, he became vice president.
When Mubarak became president, he introduced a strong financial revitalization plan; he remained dedicated to the 1979 peace treaty with Israel; he cemented relations with other Arab nations, which were injured following Egypt's peace with Israel; he initiated a "positive neutrality" policy toward the celebrated world powers.
He was reelected when his National Democratic Party won the October 1987 elections, the first in many years where independent candidates were permitted to run for office. With grave financial difficulties and growing Islamic fundamental opposition in Egypt, Mubarak continued to pursue a conclusion to the deadlock that had advanced between Israel and Arab states; he visited the U.S. for discussions on the subject in 1988.
Mubarak backed the 1990 U.N. sanctions against Iraq when that nation attacked Kuwait. The organized Arab League opposition to the invasion dedicated about 39,000 troops to the anti-Iraq coalition in the Persian Gulf War in 1991 and reinforced postwar efforts to attain peace in the Mideast. Reelected in 1993, Mubarak’s military and secret police cracked down on Muslim militant groups following an upsurge in paramilitary violence by Islamic radicals. Mubarak survived an assassination attempt unharmed in June 1995 in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa. A few attackers were killed during and after their failed assassination attempt and other assailants fled to Sudan.
Before parliamentary elections, Mubarak's government blamed the Muslim Brotherhood for assisting vicious Muslim factions in November 1995. Muslim Brotherhood's members were arrested, and some members who planned to run in the elections were tried and sentenced to prison. Critics blamed the government for attempting to eradicate nonviolent rivals. Mubarak's National Democratic Party won an overwhelming victory during the following elections.
Mubarak’s Final Days in Government
In early February 2011, following mass anti-Mubarak protests in Cairo and other cities, Mubarak announced his decision not to seek re-election. As protests continued, he appeared on state television to say he was transferring power to his vice-president, but would remain as president. The following day Vice-President Omar Suleiman made a succinct declaration saying Mr. Mubarak was resigning and the military's supreme council would govern the nation. By 24 May, judicial officials declared that Mr. Mubarak and his sons, Alaa and Gamal, will stand trial for anti-government protester deaths. On 2 June 2012, Mubarak was found guilty for his participation in the murders of anti-government demonstrators. He was sentenced to life imprisonment for his crimes, according to BBC news.
Mubarak will die soon and his departure from the Egyptian government means Egypt will transform into an anti-Israel, anti-Western, and pro-terrorism regime. Egyptians will suffer under the heavy hand of the Muslim Brotherhood. The Brotherhood will impose Sharia law on the population, which will restrict women’s liberty and opportunity to participate in areas of leadership along with preventing freedom of religion, and suppressing the freedom of press. The end of the Mubarak era indicates that Egypt is going back to the 7th century.
This opinion article was written by an independent writer. The opinions and views expressed herein are those of the author and are not necessarily intended to reflect those of DigitalJournal.com