In early April 2012, civil unrest continues in Syria. Many Syrian refugees flee into Turkey, clashes erupt near Syrian capital, Syria begins troops withdraw before Annan’s arrival in Tehran, and 11 people killed as troops clash in Homs ahead of pullout.
According to NOW Lebanon, over a 1,000 Syrian refugees fled into Turkey within 24 hours, raising the number of refugees presently residing in Turkey to approximately 21,000, according to a Turkish official.
According to Gulf News, on Thursday 5 April, ferocious combat broke out between government forces and rebel fighters in numerous areas of Syria, including a town near to the Damascus capital, where a UN peacekeeping force was expected to arrive. Heavy machine gun fire and explosions shook Douma, roughly 12 kilometers from the government’s seat of power, according to the Revolutionary Council of Damascus Countryside activists.
According to Naharnet, U.N.-Arab League envoy, Kofi Annan, expects the Syrian government and the opposition rebel forces to completely employ a cessation of hostilities agreement by 12 April. "What we expect on April 10 is that the Syrian government will have completed its withdrawal from populated centers ... and then we begin a 48-hour period during which there will be a complete cessation of all forms of violence by all parties," Ahmed Fawzi told reporters.
Finally, according to Gulf News, Syrian troops fought against army defectors and bombed opposition and revolutionary regions in the central city of Homs and killed 11 civilians a day following the government’s declaration of a troop withdrawal. These hostilities were before the time limit required for the employment of any international ceasefire strategy.