The Tevatron Collider
in Batavia, IL was opened in 1983 in hopes of smashing subatomic particles into the smallest pieces possible, giving America the distinction of being the country to make the groundbreaking discovery of the Higgs boson. However, it was defunded and closed in 2011.
However, Scientific American
has released a report saying that new findings announced at the Moriond Conference in La Thuile, Italy show that the Tevatron data matches the CERN data collected from their Higgs experiments.
At CERN, data suggested that a standard model Higgs particle would have a mass around 125 GeV (gigaelectron volt
). In the Tevatron's data, events involving proton and antiproton collisions showed possible Higgs particles with masses between 117 GeV and 131 GeV, which backs up CERN's results.
The Higgs boson
is theorized to be the physical manifestation of the Higgs field, which defines why particles like quarks and electrons have mass, while other particles, like the photon, do not. The existence of the Higgs boson is predicted in the Standard Model
of particle physics, which deals with the nuclear interactions of the electromagnetic, strong, and weak forces. The Higgs theory was first proposed in 1964.