The childhood homes of the two leading members of the Beatles, John Lennon and Paul McCartney, have been listed as Grade II buildings by English Heritage
, according to the BBC
The homes are not only where the two singer-songwriters grew up but also where they composed some of the Beatles' early hit songs. Both homes are in the city of Liverpool. John Lennon’s home is Mendips, on Menlove Avenue in Woolton, and Paul McCartney's home is on the Forthlin Road in Allerton (both Allerton and Woolton are Liverpool suburbs). Both Beatles lived in the houses until they were aged 22, after which to the group became internationally successful.
notes that Lennon and McCartney wrote The Beatles' first UK No. 1 hit "Please Please Me" in John Lennon's home.
The UK government minister tasked with heritage, John Penrose, is quoted on a British government website
“These houses, unremarkable from the outside, have been painstakingly preserved and restored so that visitors today can get a real sense of how life must have been for the group as they were starting up. They certainly merit the extra protection from demolition and development that listing provides and will, I hope, continue to be places of pilgrimage for Beatles fans young and old for many years to come.”
Listed status means that the buildings cannot be demolished or altered without special permission from the local planning authority. Essentially they are protected for the long-term. The properties will be maintained by the National Trust
. The homes are open to visitors at certain times of the year. The publicity information
markets the homes as important visitor centers for Beatles aficionados:
“Imagine walking through the back door into the kitchen where John's Aunt Mimi would have cooked him his tea, or standing in the spot where Lennon and McCartney composed 'I Saw Her Standing There'.”
The protective status has not been extended to the childhood homes of the other two members of the “Fab Four”. The childhood homes of George Harrison and Ringo Starr were turned down for listed status because the houses had been altered and modernised too often and were not representative of their ‘60s appearance.