A new survey finds that 58 percent of Israelis and 50 percent of Palestinians support a peace agreement to create a Jewish state and a Palestinian state. The poll was conducted by both the Harry S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research in Ramallah. Those in favor of the settlement agreed that both states would be formed along the 1967 lines and would involve land swaps that would be an increase over past years.
JTA, the Global news service of the Jewish People
reports that the survey also revealed that the majority of both Israelis and Palestinians are quite sure that the other side is opposed to such a settlement. A very sticky issue is the Israeli settlement construction that's been going on, with 78 percent of Palestinians saying that they want a freeze on the constructions to be required in order to return to the peace negotiations. However, 69 percent of Israelis say they cannot accept such a condition.
Peace is an increasingly attractive prospect for both Israelis and Palestinians. And polls show that in recent years, The figures of Israelis and Palestinians that support a peace deal have gone up. In December of 2010, 52 percent of Israelis and 40 percent of Palestinians supported the idea.
When it comes to how Jerusalem could be divided or not, 40 percent of Palestinians favor and 59 percent oppose a compromise in which eastern Jerusalem would be the capital of a Palestinian state, and Arab neighborhoods would be under Palestinian sovereignty while Jewish neighborhoods would be under Israeli sovereignty. A similar but smaller 38 percent of Israelis favor this idea and 60 percent oppose it.
As for bombing Iran's nuclear facilities, the survey reveals that 47 percent of Israelis support it, while 41 percent are opposed. But 48 percent of Palestinians are convinced that Israel will actually carry out a military strike against Iran’s nuclear facilities and the same number think Israel will not do that.
For the survey 1,270 Palestinian adults were interviewed in the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip. The Israeli sample included 605 adult Israeli Jews interviewed by phone in Hebrew, Arabic or Russian. All the interviews were conducted in December of 2011.
The survey work was done with support from the Ford Foundation's Cairo office and the the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung in Ramallah and Jerusalem.