"Scientists sifting through the wreckage of high-energy collisions in an underground lab in Europe announced Tuesday they have seen "tantalizing hints" of the long-sought particle, more formally known as the Higgs boson, which could help explain why there is mass in the universe." (CERN)
First established in 1954, CERN is an international organization that was built to operate the world's largest particle physics laboratory. CERN
reports that "Its business is fundamental physics, finding out what the Universe is made of and how it works. It studies the basic constituents of matter — the fundamental particles --- physicists learn about the laws of nature when these particles collide."
According to (The Province
), CERN scientists are being ultra-careful with the current data, as finding the Higgs Boson would be the "discovery of the century" in particle physics, a "never-before-seen subatomic particle long thought to be a fundamental building block of the universe."
At a price of $10 billion, the 2009 high-energy lab was specifically designed to find the particle, named the "God particle" by Nobel Prize-winning physicist Leon Lederman. In fact, several CERN scientists
have won Nobel Prizes and are Nobel Laureates.
Once the lab was completed, Europe's CERN lab had two physics teams smash atomic particles together in order to seek the existence of the God particle...again and again. Today, the teams finally have reported on the evidence of the subatomic particle's existence.
CERN, a Global Endeavor
Treading very cautiously, CERN director Dr. Rolf-Dieter Heuer has described the results "not conclusive detection of their quarry," reporting it may take as long as another year to finalize current findings.
Heuer is a German particle physicist and Director General of CERN since January 1, 2009, considered instrumental since July 19, 2011 for bringing science into the mainstream culture.The CERN Laboratory is located on the Franco–Swiss border, near Geneva.
CERN has over 10,000 visiting scientists who come to research, representing 608 universities and 113 nationalities, considered one of the first joint ventures in Eurupe with 20 European Member States. It employs just under 2400 people. The Laboratory’s scientific and technical staff designs and builds the particle accelerators and ensures their smooth operation. They also help prepare, run, analyse and interpret the data from complex scientific experiments.
The 20 European Member States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The next candidate state for membership is Romania.
Currently involved in CERN programs are the Observer States and Organizations: the European Commission, India, Israel, Japan, the Russian Federation, Turkey, UNESCO and the USA.
Co-operation agreements with non-member states with CERN are: Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Georgia, Iceland, Iran, Jordan, Korea, Lithuania, Malta, , Montenegro, Morocco, New Zealand, Pakistan, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovenia, South Africa, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates and Vietnam.
Scientific contracts with CERN are: China (Taipei), Cuba, Ghana, Ireland , Latvia, Lebanon, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mozambique, Palestinian Authority, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tunisia, Uzbekistan and Venezuela.
Canada has contributed approximately $100 million to the CERN project, supplying hardware to both the main collider and the Atlas detector. According to Canada's blogger Michael Den Tandt
, if CERN is right, their carbon-tax policy is wrong.
Word Wide Web
The World Wide Web known today was made originally as a CERN project called ENQUIRE. It was first started in 1989 by Tim Berners-Lee and in 1990 by Robert Cailliau. They were honored in 1995 for their contributions to the development of the Web, originally designed to facilitate the sharing of information among researchers with the first website available to CERN researchers and scientists in 1991.
Two years later, on April 30, 1993,it was announced by CERN that the World Wide Web would be open to all people throughout the world. A copy of the original first webpage
is still published on the World Wide Web Consortium's website as a historical document.