Fecal transplants, or fecal bacteriotherapy is used to restore the balance between good bacteria and bad bacteria in the colon.
The average human has more bacteria in his body than human cells. That's right, we re pretty much made of bacteria. A lot of people think that all bacteria are bad because they think of the "bad" bacteria that causes disease. But not all bacteria are bad. Some "good" bacteria are essential to the body if we are to remain healthy. These good bacteria are found in some of the foods that we eat, yogurt is a good example.
But sometimes diseases like ulcerative colitis can cause a disruption in the balance between the good and bad types of bacteria. It can be so serious that it is life threatening. Now there is a procedure that can help restore the balance of good and bad bacteria. It is called a fecal transplant.
First, the donor is tested to make sure that he is healthy and has a good balance of both good and bad bacteria in his colon. Then his fecal matter is transferred to the person being transplanted through a series of enemas. It sounds pretty disgusting, but it is effective, most of the time on the first attempt. And unlike a heart, liver, or kidney transplant there is very little fear of rejection and the patient doesn't have to take immune-suppressing drugs for the rest of their life. Also, there is no danger to the donor as he was probably going to "donate" his fecal matter to the toilet pretty soon anyway.
Studies have shown that the procedure has been effective in treating severe cases of colitis as well as other inflammatory bowel diseases. There is even a study to see if it can be an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease.
Some research has shown a connection between Parkinson's Disease and the colon. They suggest that the disease can be treated either by antibiotics or by doing a fecal transplant. And that's the straight poop.