Tunisia's social unrest came after more than 20 years of authoritarian rule characterized by widespread corruption, human rights violations and other forms of repression by the government led by President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali who was forced to flee to Saudi Arabia.
The country's caretaker government has said about 78 people lost their lives in the unrest but that figure has been contested by the opposition.
The interim government in Tunisia has been trying to stabilize the country
, but scattered protests and unrest have continued. Police in the capital, Tunis, dispersed demonstrators Monday with tear gas and youths sacked several state offices in the central-western town of Kesseri
The unrest has spread to Egypt, where protesters are calling for the departure of President Hosni Mubarak, as well as to Jordan and Yemen.
In Egypt, president Hosni Mubarak has agreed to step down and promised the protesters he will not seek another term.
Mubarak said the country had a choice "between chaos and stability" after the clashes between protesters and security personnel that have left an estimated 300 people dead and more than 3,000 injured.
"My first responsibility is now to bring security and stability to the nation to ensure a peaceful transition of power," he said
to boos from the thousands still gathered in Tahrir Square.
Mubarak pledged to introduce amendments to the constitution to limit the president's term of office and to make it easier for people to field candidates for the office.
Mubarak intends to stay in office until September when his term expires but the highly charged protesters wanted him to step down immediately.
Meanwhile, in Jordan King Abdullahon Tuesday entrusted Marouf Bakhit to form a new government tasked with realising “genuine political and economic reforms”, a Royal Court statement said.
Bakhit succeeded outgoing prime minister Samir Rifai whose resignation was accepted by the King yesterday, the Royal Court said.
The prime minister-designate said he needs three to four days to complete consultations and announce the makeup of his Cabinet.
In Yemen, president Ali Abdullah Saleh syas he will not seek the presidency when his term expires in 2013. Saleh has been in power for 30 years.
He spoke to parliament ahead of a rally in the capital on Thursday which, echoing protests in Tunisia and Egypt, has been dubbed a "day of rage".
He spoke ahead of the planned protests
, organized by civil society groups and opposition leaders in a country which suffers from high population growth, 40% unemployment, rising food prices and acute levels of malnutrition.