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article imageNew HIV cases declining in some areas - increasing in others

By Lynn Curwin     Sep 17, 2010 in Health
While there is a global decline in the number of new HIV infections, some countries and populations are still showing an increase.
The 2010 UNAIDS report states that: “As new HIV infections are steadily declining around most of the world, 11 of the most affected countries in sub-Saharan Africa have reduced HIV incidence by more than 25%. Leading the drop or stabilization of new HIV infections are countries with some of the largest epidemics – Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe.”
The reported stated that eastern Europe and Central Asia are the only places where the number of infections is rising. There has also been a growth in infections among gay men in some developed countries.
“Globally, the rate of new infections is still high, outstripping advances made in providing life saving treatment to people living with HIV,” said the report. “There are five people newly infected with HIV for every two people newly put on treatment.”
There are about 7,400 new infections diagnosed every day, with about 40 per cent of those being in the 15-24 age group.
In Asia, 35 per cent of those with HIV are now women, compared to 19 per cent in 2000. Many of the women were infected by their husbands.
UNAIDS reported that there are more than five million people worldwide being treated for HIV/AIDS, leading to a lower mortality rate. There were 200,000 fewer AIDS- related deaths in 2008 than in 2004.
Still, two of every three people requiring treatment do not have access.
The report stated that things which have helped reduce infections include the fact that condom use among men has doubled during the past five years and that young people are choosing to have sex later, having fewer partners and using condoms more often.
About 430,000 children are born with HIV every year, but the report said that there has been “significant progress in making prevention of mother-to-child transmission services available to pregnant women across the world.”
It also stated that more than 80 countries criminalize same-sex behaviour, making it difficult for these people to access services and treatment.
The importance of a greater investment in HIV/Aids prevention was also stressed.
More about Aids, Decline, Increase, Cases, HIV
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