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article imageEmperor Qin’s terracotta warriors visiting Chile cultural center Special

By Igor I. Solar     Apr 27, 2010 in Entertainment
An exhibit of the most important archaeological find of the XX Century is expected to bring more than 350,000 visitors to the Cultural Center located next to the Chilean Presidential Palace.
The exhibition consists of 10 life-size clay figures (five originals and five replicates), an Imperial funeral carriage and more than 120 smaller artifacts, dating from 240 BC, belonging to the Qin and Han dynasties. Setting the scene, behind the warriors, emerge projections of images that recreate the monumental set of eight thousand soldiers found in 1974 in buried pits which purpose was to protect the tomb of Chinese Emperor Qin Shi Huang.
The Chinese display currently visiting Chile has surpassed the attendance achieved by previous art exhibits of vast popular appeal: a presentation of sculptures by Auguste Rodin in the National Museum of Art in 2005 attracted 300,000 visitors. The Terracotta Warriors exhibition will remain in Santiago until May 30, allowing the attendance of many students that are returning to schools that were repaired after the earthquake that hit the country in February.
The samples shown in Santiago come from the famous in-situ museum of clay warriors and horses located 35 km from Xian, the capital of the Shaanxi province in China. The finding took place in March 1974 when workers digging for water came across broken clay artifacts and a few bronze swords.
So far, three pits have been excavated which contain clay figures of over 8,000 soldiers of various ranks, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, plus bronze weapons and clay artifacts. Based on ancient Chinese history books, it is estimated that no less than 720,000 workers may have participated in the construction of Emperor Qin’s necropolis and the making of the figures. Many of the clay warriors and horses are still buried in the pits and are slowly being restored. Archaeologists believe that there are many pits not yet discovered.
In 1987, the Qin Mausoleum was inscribed by the UNESCO as a cultural site in the World Heritage List. Currently, the Museum of the terracotta army and horses and the nearby Mausoleum of Emperor Qin include several buildings with a total area of over 47,000 m2, which makes it one of world’s largest in-situ museums.
I have visited this real wonder of human history and culture in Xian. The following are some of the pictures I took there:
Xian s Terracota Army. Many of the warriors and the horses are arranged as they were found  in linea...
Xian's Terracota Army. Many of the warriors and the horses are arranged as they were found, in linear formations along the pits.
Since the figures were made by parts and later  assembled  many of them lack the head or other parts
Since the figures were made by parts and later assembled, many of them lack the head or other parts
The clay figures of horses are smaller than real ones; most frequently they are found in groups of f...
The clay figures of horses are smaller than real ones; most frequently they are found in groups of four.
The figure of an archer in a glass display calls the attention of visitors.
The figure of an archer in a glass display calls the attention of visitors.
Following the Emperor s instructions the face of every soldier is different.
Following the Emperor's instructions the face of every soldier is different.
Two beautiful carriages and their horses (0 5 scale) are on display. This is the second carriage  wh...
Two beautiful carriages and their horses (0,5 scale) are on display. This is the second carriage, which was supposed to carry the Emperor's soul.
More about Xian, Qin dysnaty, Clay warriors
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