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Study: High Incident Rates of STD In US Teen Girls

By Saikat Basu     Mar 11, 2008 in Health
A new study finds that a quarter of teenage American girls in the age group of 14 to 19 could be suffering from some form of STD (Sexually Transmitted Diesease). This is said to be the first study of its kind in the US.
In a shocking study, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), has found that one in four US girls in her teen years aged 14 to 19, has a sexually-transmitted disease.
The findings of the study believed the first of its kind nationally, assumes significance because a quarter of the teenage population of the United States could be afflicted with STD. That is a high of nearly 3 million teenage girls. The representative sample taken for the study was 838 girls in the age group of 14-19. A virus that causes cervical cancer is by far the most common sexually transmitted infection in teen girls. The highest percentage in the group is amongst black girls . Nearly half the blacks studied had at least one form of STD. In contrast whites and Mexican-American teens had incident rates of around 20%. Within the test samples, the girls who admitted to sexual intercourse the rate of STD was 40%. It must be mentioned that non penetrative sexual behaviors can also spread STD's.
The reports says - Human papillomavirus, or HPV, affected 18% of the girls surveyed, chlamydia 4%, trichomoniasis 2.5%, and herpes simplex virus 2%.
The study probably is a very real picture of the health concerns facing teenage America today. STD's is on the rise mainly because of casualness on the part of the patient and the doctor. Ignorance makes the patient unaware of the risks . Furthermore, doctors also seem to be blinded to the fact that their regular patients could be carriers of STD's. They are reluctant to confront the disease because of confidentiality guidelines with the teenage patients . That is why available screening tests remain under utilized.
"Screening, vaccination and other prevention strategies for sexually active women are among our highest public health priorities," CDC's Devin Fenton said. He further elaborated, it was a serious issue because the diseases could lead to infertility and cervical cancer.
The CDC is recommending annual chlamydia screening for all sexually active women under 25, and HPV vaccines for girls aged 11 to 12, followed by booster injections
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